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April 20, 2016
In the internet era, there is an intense competition of business occurring in the means of using information technology to increase the efficiency of the operational and management aspects in organizations. Therefore, changing the strategy toward e-businesses have to adapt the usage of ERP system which could share functions and communication to partners and customers. In addition, it has to develop data evaluating method and interface in order to connect processes for the bonding between ERP and external organization sites. E-business is a kind of business that have a rapid changing in technology and trend, so quick gathering of the useful information is become more serious factor to gain the advantages in the market. Allowing people to easily access to the entrepreneur ERP system helps increase the accuracy of the data while reducing the analysis time for the strategy planning. Thus, the ERP system is now extended to be developed together with the Thin Client or GUI (Graphic User Interface) to reduce the complexity in using the system. This allow the end-users or suppliers to input the data into the system and connect directly to the business. For the users with in organization, the extended ERP creates the convenience in access and interpret the data for analytical usages and reduce learning curve of the system. There are three main advantages of Extended ERP. First is the integration by using ERP-based can centralized between software such as SCM, CRM, and E-commerce, only one input of information can be pulled out for various usage. Moreover, the extended ERP also creates the supply chance network with organizations as center, connecting suppliers’ and customers’ operation with SCM and CRM respectively. Finally, Internet Protocol (IP) and Web application create the system that allow the online access to the data base of organizations, not only by the employees but also partners, suppliers and consumers. The sharing of information both internally and externally all type of business to occur virtually in the world of internet.
Karl M. Kapp, William F. Latham, Hester N. Ford-Latham. Integrated learning for ERP success: a learning requirements planning approach. Boca Raton: The St. Lucie Press; 2001.
Mahesh gupta, Amarpreet kohli. Enterprise resource planning systems and its implications for operations function. Technovation 2006; 687-696.
April 10, 2016
SME'S in the developing nations are the most aggressive adopters of ERP to their business process. The online server hosted off the site is best suited for such growing SME's because the payment needs to be made in accordance with their need and usage. Using a cloud-based ERP server reduces the capital expenditure by not investing money in the server infrastructure.
When the different functions of ERP such as CRM,HR etc. are hosted in different clouds, separate administration of different systems costs time and money. The use of the required function in an integrated cloud reduces the expense and increases the efficiency of the business process. The server and software package providers pitch their marketing skills to which SME's fall as a bait which ends up making the business go the downward spiral.
To be successful and to outgrow the competitors every business has to deliver the highest quality on time and quickly possible at the cheapest cost. Hence, every SME who is the planning stage on wheater to adopt an ERP package should think in detail of what the outcome and benefits would be in a long run
Arjun Sunil Kumar
April 19, 2015
Cloud is evolving and expanding to include more intelligent systems. As they continue to develop they will eventually gain the ability to perform as good as in-house ERP systems. With current development level, Cloud ERPs are most suitable for SMS who are sensitive to cost and can make the trade off between cost and security regarding data management issues. A more detailed comparison between cloud ERP and in-house ERP systems are as follows.
Cloud systems are maintained by 3rd party providers. This helps to reducte the implementation costs drastically. On the other hand, traditional ERP systems require servers, extra module costs, operating systems, database management systems and further training and consultant costs to maintain the system. On the other hand, maintenance for cloud systems are automatically done by the provider and updates come with no cost. However, cloud systems have subscription fees and sometimes they may become more costly than traditional ERP systems on the long run.
Cloud systems are genarally more agile systems. They minimize the time needed to deploy and implement systems. Traditional ERP systems require significantly more time for implementation plus employee training and change management issues.
3- Processing Speed
For this factor, the ByDesign(cloud ERP) of SAP and ECC 6.0 are compared. Cloud ERP is significantly more faster than traditional ERP. The actual results can be seen from the table below.
All in all, cloud systems outperform traditional ERPs nearly in all criteria(implementation cost, implementation time, processing time and flexibility to work in different areas). Cloud ERPs lack the desired security in traditional ERPs as the data storage system is outsourced to 3rd party providers. However, implementing an ERP system is an objective decision making process, as long as companies objectives do not contradict with security issues, it is highly advised to make the tradeoff between cost, time, processing speed, flexibility and security.
Elragal, A., & Malak, K. E. (2012). In-House versus In-Cloud ERP Systems: A Comparative Study. Journal of Enterprise Resource Planning Studies , 1-13.