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April 27, 2008


Visited Caterpillar yesterday, my feelings is somewhat strange. Tom Peters said he can get a sense of the corporate culture within 30 seconds or so after entering the reception area.

There are two things on the wall caught me when I was there. One is six sigma, the other is their run charts. The six sigma  part is quite interesting, they put up all the black belts profile, their projects, and how much is saved by each of these projects. They also put up the DMAIC process with some brief explanations. All these are in the centre of the wall, where people can see it. On the same wall, in the corner, there are some other posters about something called RPI, Rapid Process Improvement, or something like that. I cannot exactly figure out if they mean something similar to Business Process Engineering. What interesting is, there is also an memo from CEO to all the employees to reassure them six sigma is still one of Cat's fundamental business strategies. What more interesting is on the opposite wall, there are a dozen of run charts of things like accidents, accuracy of logistic delivery to storage location, absence from work, stuff like that. All of them are without control limits, and some have a target. I am than in pondering of perhaps what Deming would asked, what are they supposed to mean?

April 25, 2008

semi column?

We finished off with the last day of sitting in classrooms for lectures, seminars, or team projects. We actually only started about 6 months ago, but it seemed to me it felt like for a long time. When looking back all the notes in paper or electronic forms we had, I am a bit astonished how much stuff we have covered. Some of them I would consider very useful, especially in the case of "management of change". Frankly, when Paul recommended this elective to me, I had really not much idea of what to expect. After the module, I gained not only some understanding of what change means but also got a new perspective of how I see myself. I would strongly recommend it to other students as well just like Paul recommended to me.

Generally speaking, I find the way WMG deliver their module contents quite refreshing with perhaps a few exceptions. It is quite different from my previous experience with Warwick where I attended a handful modules delivered by the department of computer science, engineering, business schools, and philosophy. Where lectures can mean dull, or even lifeless. Maybe, my attitudes towards learning also slightly changed? Since last time, it is only after leaving the universities, I suddenly found some of the materials I did not pay much attention to could be quite useful.

Anyways, still have a few PMA to complete and finish off the project where suppose to be the other half of the major learning points:)

Asset Management cartoon

Just find some interesting cartoon:

hsgSanta's Bank Manager

kmjpAsset management over development.

kjl"My 35 years of experience tell me your tolerance for                                                                                         risk is low..."

April 22, 2008


In one of the OPP lectures, I guess I was being a bit to argumentative. However, there is some perspective towards the questions I never thought of. The thing interested me is the learning generated from the discourse. Discourse is one of the instruments to explore knowledge in some social science. I guess this is somewhat similar to the notion Paul used, "constructive critique". Some people also believe diversity is a key to create innovation, creativity, and competitive advantages. I suppose, diversity certainly will make certain scope of discourse rather than simply compliance. In the discourse, different perspective can be explored, a deeper understanding will be formed, hence more structure or insight of knowledge is built.

April 21, 2008


Just noticed that one of Warwick blog banners said "do it, think it, blog it". I guess this coincide with the point where Paul wanted us to write blogs for reflections. I had a look of what I have blogged so far, there are times, I had some interesting thought or question and trying to develop them further, but there are also times that I just simply write down stuff with less meanings and trying to sneak it before the closing gate of blog deadlines. Clearly, what you get from different practises is very noticeable. We are motivated to blog because there are marks tight to it. It makes sense to help us to gain a deeper understanding of what we've learned during lectures, seminars, self-reading and so on. There are also companies using the same tactics to encourage their employees for learn more. I've heard that GE give their employee book money and ask them to write something like a review essay, where more rewards will be given. Sure, any learning is good on individual bases and it will certainly create some positive learning environment for the organisation. Maybe I am a bit conservative on this, but I wonder how tightly this is in alignment with their business strategy. Sure today we value high on innovation and creativity, and the same with knowledge. Knowledge renew perhaps is always an important policy of any organisational HR policy. Hence it is important to create a learning environment. But the point is the policies needs to build up towards the business strategy as it is necessary to cascade it down. The question of GE would be what HR policy they need to have to ensure the individual learning can be consolidated into actions, and how can this be evaluated?

April 11, 2008

Knowledge management

¡°Knowledge management is about asking yourself: Who has done this before? Who can I collaborate with? Who needs to know this? Where can I post this so that someone can use it when they need it?¡± (David Wennergren DOD Dep CIO) Wikipedia defines Knowledge Management as: comprises a range of practices used by organizations to identify, create, represent, and distribute knowledge for reuse, awareness and learning.


Seems to me there is some value to ensuring we have a good knowledge management system in place. Where else can a better example be thought of where knowledge is key to success than right here in the IT world? We use internal and external knowledge to solve complex problems on a daily basis¡­that knowledge is typically organized and presented in a way that it can be found and utilized. Why should our entire Organization think of it any differently? Knowledge exists in every single corner of this organization and just imagine how valuable some of that information is¡­..

There have been lifetimes spent within this organization finding answers/solutions to resource management issues¡­..shouldn¡¯t this information be available for the new kid fresh out of College beginning his work for us? Imagine how much further ahead of the game he will be armed with the knowledge that took someone else 20 years to figure out. That, my friends, is of value!

Playing off of a current playing commercial ¡­..Information is critical¡­..having ready access to it in a format easily understood is¡­.Priceless! Information drives our world and some current, but certainly most future, employees will expect the tools to be in place to help them retrieve that information. Well, this is where I see IT fitting in once again¡­.we should be providing the tools for that information retrieval¡­or at least putting the requests in for those tools.

I believe we are making inroads into that arena. We currently have some of the tools in place to assist with a reasonable Knowledge Management system¡­.we have Sharepoint, we have the Intranet, and other tools. I believe there is a growing interest amongst current employees to use those tools to store some of the knowledge. We must continue to grow the technology to facilitate that maturing process. Some keys to that success include: IDF; a document management system (complete lifecycle management); I believe improved collaboration software will help (Exchange, Office `07, Sharepoint `07, IM, etc); and certainly an educated technical staff on the tools will only help improve the odds of success.

While we may still be in the infancy in fully understanding and implementing this concept, we are heading in the right direction. Keep thinking about ways we can present information that is of value to those we work with and those we serve (Conservation Supporters). We owe that to those who put in the effort to create the information as well as to those that will follow that will benefit from having it readily available.

April 07, 2008

The ture of Riots in Lhasa

Dear friends,
Yes, I wrote the article just as a spontanous reaction against all what was told and that was apparently not the truth. I have two eyes to see with and I think I know how to use them. I have visited very many countries and worked in I think thirteen for longer and shorter times. I have seen many things in my life. I am fluent in surprisingly many languages. I can make my own picture about things. Other people does not need to tell me what is right or wrong. I can see it myself.
I did just not get the full article published but I express my gratitude to the only one that at least took in a very shortened version. A chinese friend asked for the article in a translated version. I translated it to english, a language that I never studied but happen somewhat to use. The friend sent it somewhere and now it is published everywhere! And this in its full version! I hope it will contribute to tell the truth to the world. I gave a speach on behalf of the foreign experts in Shanghai at the New Years celebration and I finished it with the words of my dream and the dream of millions of human beings. The Olympic Games mantra: ONE WORLD, ONE DREAM!
Thank you all so much for your support that has suprised me very much!

Eirik Granqvist



The Riots in Lhasa
by Eirik Granqvist, a foreign expert in Shanghai who visited Tibet in 2006

"The western medias announced that China had cut all information and that articles about the riots could not be sent out! I got mad about all the apparently incorrect information and wrote this article and two other similar ones although I am not a journalist but just because I could not stand all the bad things about China that was told. I sent them by e-mail without problems and they arrived well but two newspapers did neither respond neither publish what I had written. The third answered and wanted a shorter version that was published many days later as a normal 'readers voice'. What Dalai Lama had said was largely published every day together with a real anti-China propaganda. What I had written was apparently too China friendly for the 'free press'."

¡¡¡¡I was very shocked by what I had seen in the television and been reading in China daily about the riots in Lhasa. The most that shocked me was anyhow may be not the cruel events by themselves but how the medias in my country of origin, Finland, reported the events. A friend has scanned and sent me articles and I have checked also myself what can be found at Internet.

¡¡¡¡Very few Finnish people have ever visited Tibet, but I was there together with my wife in 2006. This was private persons and not as a part of a group-travel. I have seen Lhasa with my own eyes. I have been talking and chatting with people there. This was without any restrictions. Okay, we had a lovely and very competent guide that helped us much and took us where we wanted to go in the mornings but in the afternoons we were alone. Therefore I think that I have something to tell.

¡¡¡¡I am also interested in history and know more than people in general. When writing this, I do not have any reference books so I write out of my memory. If I do a small mistake somewhere, I beg your pardon. Anyhow, I think that this gives my writing an objectivity. I am well aware of that I will be accused for this and that for writing what I think is the truth. I will be accused by those who think that they know but do not know and by those that haven't seen by their own eyes.

¡¡¡¡Tibet was for centuries an autonomous concordat between Nepal and China. Sometimes China ruled Nepal as well. The king of Tibet used therefore to have one Chinese wife and one Nepalese and then a number of Tibetan ones.

¡¡¡¡With the fifth Dalai Lama, the religious and the political power were unified under the rule of one person, The Dalai Lama. Tibet became a theocratic dictatorship and closed itself for the rest of the world. No foreigners were anymore allowed in.

¡¡¡¡At the end of the nineteenth century, the famous Swedish traveller Sven Hedin made an attempt to reach Lhasa but was sent politely back, out of Tibet by Dalai Lama.

¡¡¡¡A French woman, Alexandra David-N¡¡¡¡ì¬¦el was more successful. She visited Lhasa dressed as a Tibetan pilgrim and she was fluent in the Tibetan language. She told how she was afraid many times that she should be discovered and then she knew that she like other suspects or opponents should "happen to fall down" from the walls of the Potala palace.

¡¡¡¡Tibet was not a paradise. Tibet was an inhuman dictatorship!

¡¡¡¡The weakened Chinese Qing Dynasty had more and more lost its influence in Tibet. Tibet became more and more interesting for the Russian empire in the north and the British in the south.

¡¡¡¡In 1903 a British army expedition directed by the colonel Younghusband reached Lhasa. The British lost 4 soldiers but slaughtered more the 700 Tibetans that tryed to stop them, mainly by magic. The British installed "a commercial representation" in Lhasa. The Chinese evacuated Dalai Lama to the Qinghai plateau where he hade limited rights of move, probably for preventing him from having contacts with the British occupants.

¡¡¡¡The Finnish national hero, Marshal Mannerheim, visited him there in 1907 during his famous horseback trip through central Asia. He was then a colonel in the Tsar Russian army and his trip was in reality a spy trip. Therefore the 13th Dalai Lama was interesting.

¡¡¡¡The power of Dalai Lama was weakened. In 1950 the PLA marched in to Tibet without war. The 14th Dalai Lama seems at the beginning to have accepted this just as a security for his power as the theocratic dictator he was. He enlarged and restructured the Norbulingka Summer Palace in a luxury way in 1954.

¡¡¡¡The Chinese decided anyhow to finish with the cruel theocratic dictatorship under which the opponents fell down from Potala. The borders where during this dictatorship closed for all foreigners and the only schools where the religious ones. It is well known that it is easier to rule a population with a low education and is ignoring the outside world. In Tibet, about 5% of the population owned everything and the rest literally nothing. About 40% of the Tibetans were monks and nuns living as parasites on the rest of the population that had to feed them. Tibet was not a paradise!

¡¡¡¡Now China decided that the Tibetans should have the same rights and place in the society as the rest of the country's population. The monasteries should be emptied from their excessively large monk and nun populations.

¡¡¡¡Tibet could earlier be reached only by some horse trails and was for the rest insulated. The Chinese built rapidly a trafficable road. The insulation was broken.

¡¡¡¡In 1959, the young Dalai Lama caused a peoples upraising, using the religion as power since he was loosing his own powerful position. The upraising was however stopped, may be in not a too clever and smooth manner. Dalai Lama then left Tibet and his fellow citizens and escaped to India wherefrom he has continued to fight for his come back and reinstall the theocratic dictatorship that China will never allow again.

¡¡¡¡Then followed the ten years of Cultural Revolution that was an unhappy time for all China that closed itself to the rest of the world.

¡¡¡¡Now Lhasa has a modern airport and a railway. China has invested a lot in Tibet. The standard of living has been raised a lot in Tibet and last Xmas I have seen Tibetans spending sun-holidays on Hainan Island! Very lucky looking old women in traditional dresses walking on the beach with their husbands and the youngsters dressed like other young people enjoying the beach life.

¡¡¡¡The possibilities for Dalai Lama to take back his power has diminished and he does not anymore have the population with him. China and India are developing their cooperation and with the closer friendship, India will for sure also not more admit Dalai Lama to disturb this development. His possibilities to act against China will be diminished.

¡¡¡¡Therefore he undertook recently an around the world diplomatic travel since he has seen the possibility of harming the now good international image of China and provoking boycotts of the Olympic games in Beijing.

¡¡¡¡The Lhasa riots where very well prepared. Curriers where crossing the borders illegally for to see Dalai Lama and get his orders. A group of foreign mountain climbers filmed recently across the border an unlucky incident when one of these curriers got shot and another that crossed the border openly declared that he wanted to go to see the Dalai Lama. I have seen that in television just before I left for China in November.

¡¡¡¡China is no longer a closed country. There is no need for illegal border crossings if you are not doing something illegally! You just ask for a passport and take the necessary visas and cross the border at a legal border crossing or better, just take a regular flight from Lhasa to Kathmandu!

¡¡¡¡There where no peaceful demonstrations in Lhasa that where brutally knocked down! Young men went to action after a well prepared scenario at many places at the same time so that police and fire brigade should be taken by surprise and unable to act everywhere at the same time. This was successful! People where just knocked down without differences and all what could be broken was broken in the shortest possible time. With Molotov cocktails, fires where lit and fire cars where stopped. 18 normal citizens where killed without feelings and one police. The police had order to not respond with firearms for not being internationally blamed!

¡¡¡¡When I have seen the filmed riots in television, my diagnosis was immediately clear. The scenario was the same that I had seen many times of organized riots in France since more the forty years of tight familiar contacts and 21 years of living there. The difference was only that less ordinary people seemed to take part in Lhasa. The rioters where surprisingly few but well organized! China's positive image in the world should be damaged!

¡¡¡¡Dalai Lama is acting as the friendly and peaceful father. This is an old trick that also dictators like Hitler and Stalin used. I am not comparing him with them but he is acting like a demon when he tries to take back his power at any cost, not once caring for human lives and against Buddhistic non-violence principles. It was a try to do a coup d'¡¡¡¡ì¬¡¡¡¡ì¬tat that failed. Now he is asking for international help for to stop the violence that he, himself had planned!

¡¡¡¡When I visited Tibet in 2006, I was surprised by the relaxed atmosphere and the few policemen in Lhasa. All that I have seen were Tibetans. Not the Han-Chinese. The atmosphere was remarkably peaceful and gave a picture of general well living. There was no oppressed feeling like I had seen so many times in the Soviet Union and its satellites before all that non-human system collapsed. People in Lhasa where friendly and wanted to speak to me, mostly without success since I do not speak Chinese nor Tibetan but up and then somebody could speak some words in English. Their wish for contact was just out of normal curiosity towards the foreigners.

¡¡¡¡I had heard that the religious life should been oppressed but it was flowering! I had also heard that so many Han Chinese where moved in that the Tibetans where now very few in Lhasa. I did however see much more Tibetans there. May be that the Han Chinese where hiding?

¡¡¡¡The western medias announced that China had cut all information and that articles about the riots could not be sent out! I got mad about all the apparently incorrect information and wrote this article and two other similar ones although I am not a journalist but just because I could not stand all the bad things about China that was told. I sent them by e-mail without problems and they arrived well but two newspapers did neither respond neither publish what I had written. The third answered and wanted a shorter version that was published many days later as a normal "readers voice". What Dalai Lama had said was largely published every day together with a real anti-China propaganda. What I had written was apparently too China friendly for the "free press".

April 03, 2008

Managing Knowledge at UTHSCSA: A Shared Vision for the Future

small blue squareIn general, IT has been thought of as being expert at managing data. Libraries have been thought of as being expert at collecting and organizing published information. But in complex organizations there is an increasing need to manage not just data or information, but knowledge. Knowledge is produced by humans who are able to produce information from data, and then merge information and experience into knowledge. Knowledge is often undocumented. It easily can be lost when the individual who has certain knowledge is unavailable. Determining how best to capture and manage knowledge requires collaborative partnerships.

small blue squareThe purpose of this initiative is to focus attention on knowledge management at UTHSCSA, identify opportunities for collaboration among various partners, and increase library support for knowledge management projects and programs


This picture is very interesting. I find people always have potential to do something we do not know. We need manage our knowledge well and exploit the aspect which we do not know.

April 02, 2008

The knowledge management history

ECONOMIC history consists of distinct economic eras corresponding to shifts in the dominant source of wealth ¡¡¨¬C from land to labour to capital. In the 1980s, several economists predicted the imminent shift to a new economic era in which knowledge would eclipse capital as the primary source of wealth.

Arguments claiming that a new economic era, i.e. that of a knowledge-based economy, has already begun are convincing. Suffice to say that organisations are indeed becoming more knowledge-oriented and have come to rely more on knowledge to create their strategic advantage, as advances in information and communications technology continue to alter the way organisations invest, produce, and market their goods and services.

As productive capabilities become more dependent on knowledge assets, and knowledge itself is being created and exchanged at an increasingly rapid rate, organisations are re-structuring themselves to exploit it to get better market leverage. There has thus been a dramatic jump in the level of interest and use of knowledge management to uncover and utilise knowledge assets.

Knowledge management initiatives are aimed at enhancing organisational performance through the identification, capture, validation, and transfer of knowledge. The assumption is that organisations will be more successful in dealing with the challenges of the new business environment if they are able to manage both corporate and individual knowledge better.

Knowledge management was first used in large companies operating in knowledge-intensive sectors such as oil, pharmaceutical, high technology and financial services. The use of knowledge management has also recently spread to the more traditional economic sectors, for example, agriculture, which has been transformed by biotechnology.

Most of the emphasis so far on the use of knowledge management has been in large organisations. However, knowledge management is also relevant for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Recent Australian SME case studies suggest that knowledge management contributes towards improved business competitiveness in several ways. They include:

¡¡¡§¡§Allowing organisations to better understand customer needs, preferences and pressures;

¡¡¡§¡§Facilitating stronger, longer-term partnership-style relationships with customers;

¡¡¡§¡§Reducing costs associated with business and production processes, and improving speed and quality; and

¡¡¡§¡§Assisting organisations to use lessons learnt from previous projects and tasks to improve future performance.

Another key finding of the Australian study is that knowledge management helps facilitate the generation of new knowledge and encourages innovation through various strategies. These innovations tend to be ideas for new products or services, new clients, new and improved business services and new ways of using and re-using knowledge.

Malaysia¡¯s economic development has been largely dependent on capital investment. However, one important strategic thrust of Malaysia¡¯s current development plans is to transform Malaysia from a production-based economy into a knowledge-based one. The rationale for this strategic change is the declining marginal productivity of capital.

The rapidly evolving global business and trade landscape has important implications for Malaysian enterprises and, in turn, for Malaysia¡¯s economic development. This is because, as part of the Government¡¯s holistic and balanced approach to enhance Malaysia¡¯s international competitive standing, Malaysia will rely increasingly on the private sector as an engine of economic growth.

SMEs face more challenges compared to large enterprises, and the implications of a rapidly evolving global business and trade landscape are especially critical for them.

SMEs also have an important role in the national economy. In 2003, SMEs contributed RM405bil (43.5%) and RM154bil (47.3%) to national output and value-added, respectively. As such, Malaysia will need to ensure that SMEs are not left out of the mainstream of the knowledge-based economy.

Knowledge management in Malaysia remains at a very infant stage, with very few Malaysian companies having initiated any programmes. While knowledge management may not be the magic pill that can solve all the problems SMEs currently face, SMEs will at least be able to deal more successfully with the challenges of operating in the new business environment if they are able to manage corporate and individual knowledge better.

Learning & Creativity

Whether knowledge management or organisational learning, much is focused on the learning experiences or gaining new knowledge. Surely, these two topics make us more knowledgeable in many ways. But I still feel there are some gap between knowledgeable and be able to create things. One thing is be able to recite and reuse knowledge does not necessarily mean creation of something new.  Maybe that is why when it comes to the definition of knowledge, some have defined a higher level called wisdom. But I remain puzzled, how do people create things? Surely, knowledge forms a solid foundation for any innovative or creative activities. But this does not directly leads to create something new. Perhaps this gives the explanation why the organisational and ecological is much more powerful than the techno centric approach of knowledge management?

March 31, 2008

The Paris rail crash

Today we watched the video about Paris rail crash in 1988. There are 56 people died and more than 50 people injured, it is very serious. But actually the error can avoided if the driver have robust decision and if the train design more consider the user, maybe this crash will not happened.

I find some error in this vodio 

Why all the safety procedures failed?
1. The emergency cord must be rest to return the brakes to normal before the train can depart. While doing so, driver inadvertently closes the air supply to the brake, rendering them useless and locked on.
2. Driver wrongly diagnoses an air lock and bleeds air from the lock to clear it.
3. Driver radios the station but forgets to identify himself or his train.
4. Driver hits the emergency alarm, it prompts signals to overrides the automatic routing system that would take the runaway train to an empty platform.
Disaster is now inevitable.

The investigation team found the main cause of the crash was Driver error.
However, they also highlighted several technical and safety shortcomings in the railway system:
1. The brake pipe lever was too easily accessible and vulnerable to sabotage
2. The radio system was over complex and the driver needs more training in its use
3. Signaler should be able to turn all signals to red without automatically overriding the pre-programmed routes

March 17, 2008

Is it about Knowledge?

I have known the term knowledge management for sometime, maybe a bit longer than some of my classmates. However, I often feels that the more I read in this topic, the less I truly know and understand about some of its points. I also wonder if it is still simply about knowledge management any more. There are times we talk about many things I would categorise them under organisational behaviour or psychology. Surely, it is very useful to gain some insights on how people connects with what they know. Maybe this is how we see the connection between our mind and heart? There are also times we talk more about technology. Surely, it is useful to deploy technology and maximise the usability and efficiency gained. But again, it seems people often talks about the acquisition of knowledge but less about the creation of knowledge. How to create knowledge efficiently? Again, this depends upon the definition of knowledge, i.e. whether if there is another layer called wisdom where we explore and create new things in a mysterious way and knowledge is simply some re-usage of the existing. What's next than? Wisdom management, I wonder.

Peking Opera Mask

beijing opera

March 16, 2008


The centre topics of knowledge management is about knowledge. Often we ask the question like the following: where does knowledge comes from and how is knowledge acquired? Interestingly, epistemology or theory of knowledge concerns some similar questions, in particular of the nature and scope of knowledge.

According to Plato, knowledge is somewhere between truth and belief. Some say it may be produced through discourse. This is a bit different than knowledge management, as the accessibility of knowledge is not one of the primary concern. But rather it cares more about the generation of the knowledge. Some times, I wonder if this is where actually the creativity comes from? Knowledge management is important because we need to maintain the existing in such information exploded age, but maintaining the old does not give us something new.

The End of Process improve using Six Sigma

Process improve using Six Sigma is finished by today. Through the experiment in the module which are the DFSS and Toguchi, I was understand the thoery of six sigma a bit as a tool to continous improving the process. But for the six week self- studying by doing the PMA, I know more clear and understand more what is six sigma. Six Sigma is a goal, a vision...

Worldsourcing replaces outsourcing

Recent consumer safety scandals have brought home the inadvisability of manufacturing products or running any aspect of a business at the lowest possible cost.

Global companies must assume responsibility, and there is a powerful new force that imposes a more potent and far-reaching natural assurance of product quality from global companies - namely "worldsourcing".

By looking out for the best value all around the world, modern companies are building the strongest safeguards of quality - their brands. Worldsourcing is based on the fact that for a company, its brand is the most valuable asset, more important than nationality or location. By reaching out to the entire world in search for the best ideas and talent, a company not only refines its brand and nurtures its essence, but also exposes it to a multitude of probing eyes. Globally, it is evaluated not by nationality, but by the quality of its goods, services, governance, transparency, environmental practices, degree of corporate social responsibility. And the level of value it delivers to customers worldwide.

Worldsourcing ensures protection of consumers and manufactures everywhere

Necessity to worldsource

It is crucial to understand the difference between worldsourcing and outsourcing.

Outsourcing is about lowering costs by shifting non-essential operations to a contractor in order to cut costs.

Worldsourcing is about increasing value and quality, not just lowering costs.

All parts of a global enterprise are worldsourced to where the best resources, talent, ideas and efficiencies exist.

Senior executives can be based in London, marketing can operate from Mumbai and research and development (R) might be headed in Silicon Valley.

In a world united by internet and globalised language and culture, it becomes not a choice but a necessity to worldsource.

This is a interesting topic.So outsource is focus on the local, low costs by shifting non-essential operation to a contractor inorder to cut costs. But worldsourcing is about increasing value and quality not just lowering costs.It is a new topic in nowadays, but how to transform the organization to worldsourcing type, is it suitable for all kinds of organization?

March 15, 2008

Time Managment

You never know who has the most interesting insight. Ting said something made me rethink why time management is so important. I cannot exactly recall her original wording, but basically the time management is important in two folds (she was talking it in a context of PMA). Not being on time naturally means whatever you delivered will be penalised, whether it is some marks being deducted, a bad impression, or commercial consequences like money. The other thing is, if you are not on time, it usually means you need to pull it through until the very last minute. This naturally indicates you are working under immense pressure. The quality of such would not be very good in most cases, at least it would hardly be anywhere close to excellence.

I never thought in the second way. When I consider all the cases where my time management is poor, it seems that she is right mostly. Time managed remains to be a critical success factor for me, and there are at least 2 instant solutions when your time managed went disastrous downhill. However, it seems neither would be what we initially set to achieve.

Six sigma implementation strategies

According to Sanders and Hild (2000) there are three general strategies of six sigma deployment:

(1) Six Sigma organisation;

(2) Six Sigma engineering organisation; and

(3) strategically selected projects and individuals.

The first strategy, ``Six Sigma organization'' uses a methodology of training all individuals, in all areas, in the fundamental concepts and tools involved in the application of Six Sigma. Using this method, a high level of awareness can be created throughout an organisation, and a common language and problem-solving approach adopted. The ``Six Sigma engineering organization'' strategy in contrast, however, focuses on training and development within the design and manufacturing engineering departments of the firm. In this case, resources are more focussed and there is an emphasis on project applications. The third category, ``Strategic selection'' as it implies, refers to the development of strategically-selected employees. ``These individuals are assigned complex projects identified by needs and objectives critical to the site or organization'' (Sanders and Hild, 2000). Here there is a great amount of flexibility in training in comparison to the previous two approaches. Training is provided as required by the very strong project focus.

Knowledge share

share knowledge

This is a interesting pictur for the organization culture or the share knowledge.  

When you plan to use sharing knowledge as a way to change the organization, our research suggests that the best strategy, ironically, is to first match the values and style of your organization. Don’t start out a new campaign and new structures for sharing knowledge. Find the knowledge sharing networks that already exist and build on the energy they already have

March 14, 2008

The BBC environment—Corporate responsibility and Partnership

Just find some interesting things about the environment. 


We make thousands of radio and television programmes every year. We recognise that this does have an impact on the environment, but the impact of what we do - our environmental footprint - is actually not as great as that of organisations of a similar size in other industries. That's because most of the resources we use are creative.

We have an existing environmental policy which commits us to reducing waste and energy use. However, we have decided to develop a medium-term strategy, with clearly defined objectives, to ensure that the BBC is run in an environmentally friendly and sustainable manner.

The BBC environment policy 

The BBC exists to enrich people's lives with great programmes and services that inform, educate and entertain. Our vision is to be the most creative and trusted organisation in the world. Environmental management is integral to this vision and our performance.

The BBC recognises that our environmental footprint arises from our business operations including our buildings and infrastructure, programme making and commercial activities. Our environmental impacts include air emissions, waste generation, land use, energy use, and water use, along with those associated with the procurement of goods and services.

The BBC's overall objective is to carry out our business operations in a way which manages, minimises and continually reduces our adverse environmental impacts and demonstrates pollution prevention. Our ambition is to become a sector leader in environmental management.

We will achieve this by:

  • compliance, as a minimum, with all applicable legislation, BBC requirements and any other adopted requirements which relate to our significant environmental impacts
  • implementation and continued improvement of an occupational risk management system that meets the requirements of the International Standards Organisation, ISO 14001:2004
  • continual and effective improvement of environmental performance through the setting and review of environmental objectives and targets which relate to our significant environmental impacts
  • effective monitoring, measuring and reporting in relation to our significant environmental impacts
  • reviewing the management system and policy to ensure their suitability, adequacy and effectiveness
  • provision of suitable and sufficient environmental information, instruction and training to enable all staff to carry out their jobs competently
  • selection and monitoring of competent third parties to ensure appropriate standards of environmental management are achieved
  • effective communication and cooperation with third parties so that they are aware of our environmental management expectations

Environmental management is everyone's responsibility, and a prime responsibility of all levels of management, and I expect everyone to contribute to achieving our overall objective.

We will provide adequate and appropriate resources to implement this policy and will ensure it is properly communicated and understood.

The Executive and I aim to encourage initiative and the adoption of best practice in a culture where employees and managers are aware of their individual responsibilities for the environment and where they are actively engaged and committed to improving standards of environmental management.

Mark Thompson
Authorised February 2007

Process improvement

Six sigma is a process improvement methodology that aims to increase business performance through a solid and accurate business focus. It is a systematic approach to achieving continuous process improvements. The six-sigma approach incorporates five stages of implementation in process improvement, which are called the DMAIC-cycle of define-measure-analyzeimprove-control. These steps guide the improvement process and help detect root causes of the failures in a single improvement project. The key steps in six sigma are:

1. Defining product characteristics that affect customer satisfaction.

2. Using a failure mode and effect analysis to identify and control parameters to meet

customer specifications.

3. Employing a reproducibility and repeatability study to measure the control parameters.

4. Estimating the process capability of the prototypes and thereby being able to correct

individual defects immediately.

5. Developing the quality control plan and training material.

A bit feeling of the module of Knowledge–based Asset Management

Today we finished the KBAM module. It is a interesting module which all the study process is by ourselves. We need look up material by ourselves. We can focus on which aspect what we like, we can chose anytime to study what we like. All of those are depend on ourselves. Also it is our last two week  module of EEE. A bit sad. Time goes quickly, half a year is gone now.

In this module, maybe from the first day up to now, I know the self- study and how to implement it more and more clear and understand its signification. I think it is big change for the half of year for me. A quilt different studying way, different majoring, different environment. Everything is fresh for me. I was not done well in this period. I am good at adjust self in the changed environment. It is not only the context of studying for me is a big challenge, the mind change also is a big problem. I clear know this point at the beginning but I can not control meself very well. I need time. Now I can not say I adjust to suitable the circumstance very well, but I can say it is better and better than beginning.

Another thing is the time manager. It is difficult to do the PMA, in module assignment and project at the same time. But as the Paul said, this is also a way to teach how to manage the time andto do many things well in short time.  This is really a big problem and I need think and really to find a effecient way to manager the time well.

March 13, 2008

Six sigma

Profits= Customer + Process + Employee

The seminar

Today we finished all of the seminar for the kBAM. Actually it is also the all of the seminar for the EEE course. Because I only got three module left but all will finish in one week. I remember the first seminar in the PPE module. It is a big confuse for me. I do not know what is seminar and why need seminar. Then in the LE module I still think those seminar is not useful because most of question is no necessary to discuss. But move to the KBAM, I start to custom this form and I was do prepare for every topic before the seminar. I find it is not difficult and it is useful for improve the self- study skill. Whatever we talk at the seminar, it is just a simple point or word, but it is a way to inspire our mind to think more. If we have time or intereting who said, we can spend more thime to look for that opinion after the siminar. I should already have ability after the many years of school studying. Nobody can teach me everything and I can not sit in the classroom to listen what the teach said and study it what he ask. I really need is how to make more contribution or find more reletive knowledge from simiple word which maybe I never hear or think before.

So is it the seminar is a tool for the Knowledge Management? I am sure it must be.

March 11, 2008

Knowledge Transfer

Recently talked to a former colleague, it was interesting to find out the slight different attitude towards knowledge and technology between Indian TATA and Chinese SAIC. TATA is in the process of acquiring Land Rover and Jaguar from Ford, and SAIC have already merged with NAC which acquired MG-Rover sometimes ago.

TATA has set up a European technical centre based in Warwick for a few years now. It is already in operation, and is constantly contributing towards the new product development back in India. In contrast, it seems besides changing the logo MG-Rover to NAC-MG. (and perhaps now to SAIC-MG) There is not much going on in the European technical centre of SAIC based in Leamington Spa. Actually this SAIC technical centre is largely based on Ricardo, and it is believed there still a lot of collaboration. This does not surprise me, as many Chinese domestic auto manufactures have to heavily rely on the technical know-how especially in the R&D area. However what surprise me is the strategy TATA took. Instead of collaborating with engineering consultancy, TATA chosen to collaborate with university. One of the goals set by the MD of TATA Motors European Technical Centre is to transform from acquiring know-hows to also know-whys. TATA choose the long-term goal of acquiring the capabilities of R&D instead of the obvious short-gains of specific technology. In a few years time, we probably would see how different strategies work out for each of them in products.

P.S. my ignorance, I didn't know CityRover was actually based on TATA Indica. There's already a difference shown in the strategy between TATA and SAIC/NAC back then.