The future of leadership
The leadership theory started from one dimention-leader's personality and behaviour and turned to multidimention-leader, follwers, and the situatin. The process became from top-dowm to bottom-up which also indicates the develpment of the leader and follower relationship. With the evolving of the leadership theroies shows that the former theory is not adequate, therefore, we should view leadership in more integrative perspectives as leadership is more complex, interactive process, including internal leader-follower interaction and external situational environment, finally, instead of extrinsic rewarding system, intrinsic motivation are encouraged to improve expectation.
The leadership future may call the Integrative Era in which we should face and cope with the current trend-organizational structure, new technology, fast-paced change, multi-decision making, multicultural context, and intensive political activities.
Since we face the above complex internal and external environment, therefore leadership theory should be more adaptive, and integrative. Again, there is NO one comprehensive theory and approach, we can only integrate theories for different variables to achieve the effectiveness of leadership.