All 3 entries tagged Diabetes
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February 11, 2011
Why men lose weight quicker than women
When you're about to start dieting, it may seem like good sense to work together with the person you live with. However, this may only cause more trouble, as men appear to lose weight much faster than women. Huge differences in hormones, body shape and fat percentage all make it harder for women to lose weight.
Dr Philip McTernan is associate professor in diabetes and metabolism at the University of Warwick:
The male hormone testosterone and the female hormone oestrogen shape our fat distribution at puberty and continue to during our lifetime. Women tend towards a pear shape, with fat around the hips, while men store fat more centrally around their belly from where excess weight is more easily lost. On top of that, oestrogen encourages fat storage, while men have more muscle mass so higher metabolisms which burn calories quicker. Women also have a higher proportion of fat compared to men — around 20-30 per cent against just 9-18 per cent - which their body will strive to preserve. This difference can be understood in evolutionary terms. Men were hunter-gatherers while women reproduced. For reproduction, there needed to be sufficient fat reserves for any unborn child in the womb to survive the harsh life prehistoric women endured, with periods of little food. Times have changed but our genes have not.
Collaboration in English Language Training
As postgraduate students, it is often easy to miss that some of the best knowledge and experience in your area of study can come from the people you pass in your department everyday. PhD students can offer specialist knowledge and skills to MA colleagues, but Dr Richard Smith, Centre for Applied Linguistics, argues that tutors need to actively encourage this 'cross-fertilisation. Dr Smith co-authored a directory of ELT research undertaken at UK institutions published in 2009 by the British Council and is now finalising an updated version, which is due to be released in April:
The involvement of PhD students is going to help them with that transition into becoming researchers. MA students might be participants as interviewees in a PhD student's research. That often happens at a pilot or preliminary research stage, to improve the researcher's interviewing skills before they go into the field. Sometimes MA students are from the country that the researcher is targeting and they can help with translation or with recording interviews. This kind of involvement gives MA students a better understanding of what research is all about. Because the postgraduate community at UK universities is very international, MA students can encounter PhD students who are from their countries and this can create an additional bond. PhD students are often bringing back to departments knowledge that we - the staff who are British - don't have. That current contact with ELT around the world, that we as course teachers may not have, brings in an added dimension of knowledge and experience.
WMG has opened a new facility to develop engines for hybrid vehicles
A unique £2.28m facility has opened at WMG that will be of vital importance to companies developing engines for hybrid vehicles. The unique Vehicle Engine Facility (VEF) is the UK’s only purpose built hybrid powertrain testing facility for the automotive sector that is not owned and operated by an individual automotive company. The VEF facility will give businesses access to the state-of-the-art equipment and research support. The new facility will use two dynamometers with the advanced “Texcel ” control system plus a Robot Driver to allow the testing of various hybrid powertrain designs. The two dynamometers are installed in parallel and can test electric motor,s gasoline, diesel, ethanol and Bio-fuels based internal combustion engines. The VEF will test transmission and powertrain systems, whilst simulating the powertrain components that are not available for test. These tests provide strategies for evaluating the optimisation of the vehicle’s powertrain and how it will operate in the real world.
Professor Lord Bhattacharyya, Director of WMG at the University of Warwick said:
We are delighted to be able to bring the Midlands a facility that will enable the British based manufacturing companies to engage in low carbon engineering, which will be vital in helping manufacturing companies improve products and compete on the world stage in low carbon technologies.
Dr Ralf Speth, CEO Jaguar Land Rover added:
This new facility further strengthens WMG's applied research credentials and we look forward to benefitting from the work undertaken there, especially in the incredibly complex area of significantly reducing vehicle emissions. There is also real potential for further advances in knowledge coming from supplier involvement which in turn generates additional research and results.
Schools should see wide-spread closures during flu outbreaks
Researchers at the University of Warwick have found that closing just a few schools to contain flu outbreaks does little to relieve the pressure on hospitals. Using information from the 2009-10 swine flu pandemic and the recent seasonal flu outbreak, the researchers found that intensive care units would not see any major benefit unless at least half of all English schools closed their doors. But they say although this would be very effective at stopping the spread it would also be costly, disruptive and could even prevent some parents, who work for the NHS, from fighting an epidemic effectively.
Dr Thomas House, Research Fellow at the Warwick Mathematics Institute, said:
In the worst cases short duration, localised closures cannot fully prevent some hospitals exceeding capacity.This means when facing the threat of a severe pandemic a co-ordinated and possibly extended period of school closures may be necessary. Our work supports the decision not to close schools as a control measure during the swine flu pandemic. If a pandemic is serious enough to require school closures, then they need to be well timed and large scale to have much effect.
October 01, 2010
Warwick in the News
Wyn Grant discusses David Milband’s departure from front-line politics
Prof Wyn Grant, Politics and International Studies, was on BBC Coventry and Warwickshire on Wednesday evening talking about David Miliband’s departure from front-line politics. Wyn said;
I think it was quite difficult for him because he has been the front-runner in the election, up to the last minute he thought that he had won and then to be defeated by a very narrow margin, that was psychologically difficult. He also has a young family and I think he would probably like to spend a bit of time with them as they are growing up.
I think it’s quite possible that at some future shadow cabinet election he might decide then that he can stand again but as he said in his statement he hopes he will be doing policy background work for the party.
Discussing David Miliband’s response to Ed ‘s comments on Iraq, Wyn said:
I think he was really quite annoyed about that comment about Iraq, I mean obviously I think in that speech yesterday Ed Miliband was trying to tack both to the left and to the right and what he said about Iraq was something to reassure those on the left of the party. But of course Iraq’s not really a live issue any more, the live issue in terms of foreign policy is Afghanistan.
Donald Singer discusses Diabetes on BBC Arabic TV
Professor Donald Singer took part in a live TV interview on BBC Arabic TV Live News on the 26th September for a report on a new gene abnormality in migraine which may provide a new biomarker to help in treatment choice in migraine. It is thought that the new discovery may give clues to development of new treatment approached in selected patients - a further advance in personalising medicines.
Watch the video (translated into Arabic) >>
Nurturing Gifted and Talented Youth
Prof George Rowland, Department of Physics was on BBC Coventry and Warwickshire earlier this week talking about the International Gateway for Gifted Youth. Prof Rowland spoke to Annie Othen about the importance of providing opportunities for talented young people to help them reach their potential.
Listen again (1:11.13) >>
The New School of Life Sciences
As of today (1 October 2010) the Department of Biological Sciences and Warwick HRI have officially amalgamated to form the new School of Life Sciences. This exciting initiative brings together the renowned research and teaching excellence in the two departments, and will form a platform to further enhance multidisciplinary Life Sciences activity in the University.
Find out more on the Life Sciences website >>
New branding for Warwick Business School
On Monday, Warwick Business School unveiled their new corporate logo and launched a new design for their website. At the official unveiling of the logo, Dean of Warwick Business School, Professor Mark Taylor, said:
Today is the first day of our new WBS brand, and I have to say I am delighted with it. The logo is modern yet timeless, clear and striking, and implies a dynamic and forward-looking institution; the blue background also co-brands us with the rest of the University.
£650,000 Funding Grant Awarded to West Midlands’ Foremost Research Universities
The University of Warwick and the University of Birmingham have been awarded a £650,000 research grant by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) for a collaborative project developing new materials for a highly efficient class of fuel cells. The research will investigate novel doping strategies to improve the performance of electrolyte and electrode materials for use in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell systems.
Read the press release >>
August 13, 2010
Warwick in the News
Swimming the Channel
Dr Karen Throsby, Department of Sociology, was on Radio 4 Women’s Hour this week discussing her plans to swim the channel as part of her research in to extreme sports, gender and obesity.
Find out more about Karen Throsby’s research
This week, BBC News Magazine looked at the “must-have” role of internships for young jobseekers. Professor Kate Purcell from the Institute for Employment Research at Warwick comments on the importance of relevant work experience, particularly in competitive job markets.
Read the full story on the BBC website
Football wages and transfer fees
With the new football season underway, Professor Wyn Grant comments on transfer targets and football wages and how increasing costs are impacting on clubs decisions to buy new players.
Read the story
Prof Lord Bhattacharya in search for Tata Chairman
Professor Lord Kumar Bhattacharya has been announced as one of five experts on a panel to recruit a successor to Ratan Tata, Chairman of Tata Motors who is retiring in December 2012.
Read more on the Tata website
Read the story on the Times of India website
Government Advisor for Equality and Diversity
Monder Ram, Visiting Fellow at the Industrial Relations Research Unit at the University has been appointed to the new government advisory group to shape best practice for equality and diversity. The Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) has established the Equalities Advisory Group (EAG) to act as an advisory body to the BIS Equality and Diversity Governance Board.
Read the story
Professor Sallie Lamb, Professor of Rehabilitation and Director of Warwick Clinical Trials Unit has been awarded a grant of £2,509,848 for research in to the prevention of fall-related injuries trial (Pre-FIT). Dr Daniel Branch, Department of History has won a grant of £286,948 to research Empire loyalists: histories of rebellion and collaboration in the British Empire.
Full list of grant winners on the Times Higher Education website
Nurses and Type 2 diabetes
Research has shown that a training programme for general practice nurses has had a significant impact on people struggling to keep their type 2 diabetes under control. The research team has evaluated the impact of the ‘Warwick Diabetes Care Intensive Management of Type 2 Diabetes’ programme over three years. The course shows nurses how to help people initiate insulin therapy as part of their daily routine.
Read the Press Release