LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT (LCA) – USAMA NADEEM (KBAM)
Life cycle assessment is basically an approach that is adopted to counter the environmental impacts that might occur due to that product. It helps to assess the product's harmful impacts throughout its life cycle, from the product designing stage till the time when it gets disposed. So, it helps to monitor the impacts that the product might cause to the surrounding throughout its life cycle. It has four phases: goal and scope definition, inventory analysis, impact assessment and interpretation. It is also known as the cradle to grave approach and is helps to improve product and process through indepth monitoring.
It is a very important technique especially in case of environmental mangement because its main purpose is to keep the environmental perspective in tact through out the life cycle of a product. It definitely helps to reduce and minimize the harmful impacts and is used all over as an imporatant tool for effective environmental management. So, it can be used as an effective tool for policy making and as a decision support tool.