Notes about Hutchins M J, Sutherland J W. An exploration of measures of social sustainability and their application to supply chain decisions[J]. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2008, 16(15): 1688-1698.
lA category hierarchy for a social LCA based upon the environmental LCA category hierarchy. The social category hierarchy provides insight into the mapping of corporate inputs and outputs into measures of social performance.
l A simple relationship and example that demonstrates that a corporate supplier decision can be linked to a social indicator (infant mortality) and corporate actions can be used to effect positive social change.
l Several proposed measures of social sustainability for supply chain decision-making (labor equity, healthcare, safety, and philanthropy) that serve as a starting point to establish a comprehensive social footprint for a company.
l A technique to integrate a variety of measures of social performance to form a single social sustainability metric for a company.
l A method for combining the social sustainability metrics for companies to form a single measure of performance for a supply chain. This measure is based, in part, on the value that each supply chain partner contributes to the product of interest.
Not united definition about social sustainability
Discussion of this element has received little attention in the literature, and when discussed, has emphasized legislative issues or human health and safety rather than the cultural and ethical ramifications of decisions
Tools to support social sustainability –social life cycle assessment
‘socio-eco-efficiency’ analysis corresponds to BASF’s eco-efficiency analysis and compares environmental and social performance to economic costs.
The work of the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP)–the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Life Cycle Initiative has indicated that further efforts are needed to include social considerations because ‘so far, the social and ethical dimensions of sustainability have not been given the same attention within the business community since the benefits are less tangible’
For example, the health and safety aspect within the labor practices and decent work category contains the following core indicators:
lpractices on recording and notification of occupational accidents and diseases, and how they relate to the ILO Code of Practice on Recording and Notification of Occupational Accidents and Diseases,
ldescription of formal joint health and safety committees comprising management and worker representatives and proportion of workforce covered by any such committees,
lstandard injury, lost day and absentee rates and number of work-related fatalities (including subcontracted workers), and
ldescription of policies or programs (for the workplace and beyond) on HIV/AIDS.
Effect of business decisions on social sustainability:
Given the desire to establish a supply chain that is socially sustainable, as a first step we must evaluate companies in terms of their social impacts. The basic exchange between a company and its suppliers is money for goods or services. There may also be opportunities for each of the stakeholders to have a role in guiding the values of the company; likewise, the company may help to shape the values of its stakeholders.
Establishing the social impact associated with a given product or service due to the actions, policies, and choices of all the suppliers