How I learn taught material.
A mixture of initial indepth research in what i take a liking to, and a great deal of superficial pre- exam learning by rote for factual material:
Generally I try to print off lecture notes prior to a lecture, then annotate them as much as I can with the extra info that the lecturer says to bulk it out so when i look back over them, the diagrams have a context and the bullet points make more sense.
I try to go over notes I take the same day as it is never the same a day, week or month later. I rewrite my scribblings into coherent sentances so everything makes sense and has a logical structure.
If i don't understand exactly where some points fit or a don't get a concept I will look it up otherwise when I revising for exams and looking over the material i don't remember it well and tend to pass on it as its too late and that makes me panic and worry that that area will be tested.
I guess if I'm honest I have depended alot on rather superficail learning prior to exams so I can walk in there thinking 'I've just looked at that so I can write something about it'- this has worked for me very often even though 'night-before' or even 'on the morning' cramming isn't supposed to work I have done well on this, though ask me the following week what i wrote in the essay and the informations gone.
The subjects that strongly took my interest and i had read aound and got a thorough grasp of during the lecture time got my best marks though so I know this should be my prefered method.