April 12, 2005

Differences between XP PRO and XP HOME

Differences between XP PRO and XP HOME ( David Chernicoff)

1-XP Pro systems can join a domain; XP Home systems can't, which limits its use to home and SOHO environments because it can't use any corporate-specific features such as IntelliMirror.

2-Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) 5.1 and Personal Web Server (PWS) are found only in XP Pro.

3-Direct access to the Administrator account is available only in XP Pro. XP Home users must log on using Safe mode to access the Administrator account.

4-XP Pro supports Remote Desktop, which is basically a single-user version of Windows 2000 Server Terminal Services. XP Home supports only Remote Assistance.

5-Networking-related Group Policy Objects (GPO) are available only in XP Pro. XP Home supports no group policies.

6-Microsoft Remote Installation Services (RIS) and Sysprep are supported only in XP Pro.

7-The Network Monitor application is available only in XP Pro.

8-The UI for IP Security (IPSec) is available only in XP Pro.

9-SNMP support, Simple TCP/IP Services, the service access point (SAP) and Client Services for NetWare (CSNW) are available only in XP Pro.

10-XP Home supports only simple file sharing. Detailed file-level security permissions such as those found in Win2K are available only in XP Pro, which also supports the simple file-sharing model that XP Home uses.

11-XP Pro lets users limit the number of connections to shared folders and control user access by account. XP Home users access shared folders through the Guest account, which is disabled by default in XP Pro.

12- You can upgrade Windows NT 4.0 Workstation and Win2K Professional only to XP Pro. You can upgrade Windows 9x versions since Windows 98 only to XP Home. Neither version supports upgrades from Windows 95.

- 5 comments by 1 or more people Not publicly viewable

  1. Re point 2: There is nothing distinguishing an Administrator called "Administrator" from a user called "A N Other" who had admin priviliges.

    13 – All users in XP Home are Admins making for an inherantly insecure system

    14 – XP Home setup does not ask you for a password for the admin account where Pro does

    15 – XP Home does not support directly the promotion/demotion of user access rights unless you hack in via MMC

    XP Home is crippled OS that should die IMO

    12 Apr 2005, 17:26

  2. Reza

    thanks for the comment , but can a user with admin priviliges change the ownership like an administrator account?

    12 Apr 2005, 17:40

  3. Yes you can indeed. One of the easiest things you can do on a Windows Server/machine running IIS is to change the name of the Administrator account to something totally random. Most Denial of Service (DoS) attacks work by attempting to "root" the server. In UNIX/Linux you hope for a simple root (ultimate user) account password, and on Windows for an Administrator account named Administrator with a blank password like XP Home comes with. Administrator priviliges are tied to that user level not to that name. I personally believe nobody should log on as an Administrator day in day out, but as a "Power User". That gives you all the rights of an Admin except the ability to ultimately control files critical to the system. This makes it harder for viruses and the like. If you log in as an admin and accidentally run a file containing a virus, it will install hidden and unknown. If you are a Power User then the installer should ask for permission to install and ask for the Administrator password or your Password. Microsoft do need to tighten up on this though IMO

    12 Apr 2005, 22:33

  4. Reza

    to change the ownership of files , only administrator gives options , I have tried it before and I will try it again and will write the result.

    15 Apr 2005, 13:21

  5. Henry

    We saw an example of Windows XP Home not allowing anyone BUT the real administrator use the Recovery Console.

    10 May 2005, 14:47

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