All 23 entries tagged Elearning

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June 29, 2009

My new research blog: Inspires Learning

I will be publishing all future entries concerning space, pedagogy, technology and design on my new blog at

February 24, 2009

The Ikea effect – why we should build a flat–pack V[R]LE

For some time now my colleagues in the Warwick E-learning Advisor Team have been arguing that we should create some kind of 'templating' system within the web publishing component of our V[R]LE (Sitebuilder). Chris Coe has a great name for it: Elaborate (quick, file for a trademark).

The idea is that we could create templates based on generic and discipline specific learning designs. A template would embody the structure, functionality, and flow of the learning design in a set of pages and interactions. The template could then be copied and, following a set of instructions, filled-out with learning content. For example, there could be a template for a peer-review process. This could even be combined with a 'wizard' approach that builds the detail of the learning activity based upon answers provided by the learning designer (tutor) to a series of questions.

We justify this argument with these claims:

  1. Speed and efficiency;
  2. Promoting consistency and good practice;
  3. Developing a shared language for describing different learning designs;
  4. Giving a focus for evaluating different learning designs;
  5. Allowing us to tailor designs for departments and courses.

I've just discovered a further significant reason for working in this way, given in an article in the February 2009 edition of the Harvard Business Review:

The Ikea Effect: When Labor Leads to Love by Michael I. Norton of Duke University

...labor enhances affection for its results. When people construct products themselves, from bookshelves to Build-a-Bears, they come to overvalue their (often poorly made) creations.

The success of Ikea, they claim, is to some extent based upon the flat-pack principle - do much of the work for the customer, but allow them to feel as if they are still investing their labor (and hence their love) in the product. Perfect flat-pack makes people love you! And Ikea certainly do have some ingenious ways with flat-pack construction.

A templated learning-design is flat-pack.

Norton gives a warning: if the customer puts too much work into the construction, they may end up loving the product too much, thus making future change impossible.

The second rule of Ikea is to make the construction easy enough for the product to feel potentially disposable.

The same must be true of learning activities built from a template.

But what of customisation? We know that people love to customise. Indeed, Ikea offer that to some extent, but the customisation is never fundamental - it's simply a matter of combining products and adding ornaments (that's why they sell cheap bits and pieces from which they can't possibly profit).

So then, how to build a V[R]LE that is used and cherished by the masses: use the Ikea effect.

If you're involved in building learning content, or are interested in the construction of V[R]LEs, you are welcome to comment on this idea.

Update: I've just thought of another reason why templating is good. Here's the use case:

  1. Tutor A creates a useful template.
  2. Other tutors in their department see the pages created from the template, and want to do similarly.
  3. Each page is marked with "Created using the template TEMPLATE NAME, designed by PERSONS NAME .
  4. The tutors can then create their own pages using the template, and get advice Tutor A.

October 06, 2008

Using the Teaching Grid for 'hub–and–spoke' style teaching

In the first week of term I used the Teaching Grid experimental teaching space to teach the first session of a design and communications skills module. Having found a traditional IT training room to be inappropriate for such a session, I was keen to explore alternatives.
The International Design and Communication Management MA is a relatively new course, based in the Centre for Cultural Policy Studies and convened by Dr. Jonathan Vickery. It is professionally oriented, but with a strong emphasis upon the application of academic skills and theory. In the Autumn term, I teach a ‘multimedia communication’ skills module, consisting of eight two hour sessions. The core task of the module is for each students to design, create and use a personal e-portfolio. These web pages should then be maintained by each student, so as to represent their own academic and professional experience and capabilities. The e-portfolio will contribute to assessment of the student’s work, as well as performing a vital role in the process of arranging and undertaking the professional placement in the summer term. They may also be used after the course has been completed, as part of the student’s career development.

In the past, all of these sessions have been taught in conventional IT training rooms (rows of PCs facing a screen with a data projector). However, there is a significant ‘theoretical’ element to the task: a set of analytical, investigative, conceptual tools and behaviours that must be mastered in order to create an effective design within the given constraints: the students must learn to think and act as design and communication professionals, with the addition of a reflective academic perspective. The traditional IT room is unsuited to these more challenging aims. To effectively acquire and practice these skills, the students should be able to:

  • frequently present their designs to each other for feedback, engage in creative processes, such as drawing on whiteboards, conducting interviews, acting out scenarios;
  • seek mutual confirmation of understanding, especially when undertaking complex tasks and using abstract concepts;
  • exhibit the products of the design process for peer (simulated client) review (in the last session).

The environment in which this happens must enable the students to behave as:

  • design and communication professionals;
  • investigative, reflective academics.

The high proportion of students with English as a foreign language also makes such collaborative working valuable. However, with many of the students coming from the tradition of didactic content transmission, establishing the required practices and attitudes is problematic. I actively resist being drawn back into a traditional lecture mode, and am therefore keen to use an environment that strongly supports active, investigative, collaborative learning. However, given the steep multi-dimensional learning curve that is required, I must also be sensitive to the need to continually provide clear models of the many new and challenging behaviours that I demand from the students. There is therefore a tension between encouraging student beahviour of the kind described above, and the need to continually provide clear exemplars. To address this conflict, I use online tools and a ‘hub-and-spoke’ classroom working arrangement.

The online tools are constructed from a combination of resources that can be used independently at any time, and a session plan (on a single web page) putting some of these resources into context and setting challenges to the students, the solutions to which may use the resources. The session plan web page was used throughout the session, both by me at the central ‘hub’ location, and by the students in small groups as they dispersed into the ‘spokes’. In the first session, the resources included a 7 minute video of a discussion between myself and Jonathan Vickery (explaining the purpose of the sessions), as well as an extensive glossary of key design and communication terms, relevant to the many issues that the students must consider.

The ‘hub and spoke’ physical organisation aims to provide a central location at which new ideas and practices can be introduced and modelled (hub), and a series of student team workareas (spokes) at which small groups of students can work indepedently to experiment and apply what they have seen. For this to work effectively, it should be easy to bring the focus of the session back from the spokes to the hub. It should also be possible to invite students to bring their work from the spokes to the hub and demonstrate it back to the rest of the class. A further possibility is for students from one spoke to visit students in another spoke.

In searching for a more appropriate learning space in which this could take place, I based the first session in the Teaching Grid experimental teaching space. The final session, in which the students will exhibit their e-portfolios, will return to the Teaching Grid, with the intervening sessions taking place in a traditional IT training room. It would have been preferable to hold the first two sessions in the Teaching Grid, allowing the more challenging activities to be undertaken in a longer time, however, the room was not available.

The space available to us in the Teaching Grid does not completely support the ‘hub-and-spoke’ learning design when used with 25 students. Using glass and curtain partitions, it can be divided into four small spaces each capable of accomodating six students with a laptop and large screen (two spaces with LCD smart boards, two with data projectors). It also proved possible to merge two of these spaces at one end into one, so as to accomodate all 25 students. However, there is no separate ‘hub’ location that can be viewed by all four groups in situ. To reconvene all 25 students in one place required their work to be disrupted and two of the spaces to be reconfigured. I attempted to compensate for this by putting some of the hub activities into the session plan web page as text, to be used independently by the students in the spoke locations. This is obviously a much less effective, less personal, less flexible, less controlled approach than demonstrating from the hub position: seriously detrimental to the effectiveness of the session.

The session was divided into three segments, intended to last around 40 minutes each. In the first segment, with the students gathered into a double work space and facing a large screen, I introduced the module web site, the glossary, and the session plan page. I then played the introductory video. This worked well, being a relatively conventional activity. We then spent a short time diviiding into groups using a voluntary method. It would have been better to have had the groups pre-assigned, and better still to have had the students already seated in their groups at the spoke locations all viewing the central hub.

The second segment was much more challenging, with each group being given the task of working through sequences of glossary terms, and then applying those terms to their own e-portfolio design process. The new Sitebuilder glossary system worked wonderfully, allowing me to quickly build a resource to which we we return constantly during the module. Modelling from the central hub would have made a significant difference to this series of difficult tasks. I was able to easily walk between groups to offer additional support, but found myself to be repeating explanations for each group.

Finally, each group was tasked with designing an e-portfolio for a client (me). They were able to get paper and pens, and had access to the computers for researching the client. Some students tried to use the electronic whiteboard but struggled. Other students used to video cameras that I provided (Sanyo Xacti HD) to interview the client. The final presentations were caried out in one of the spaces, with students able to watch from the space outside. This was entirely paper based. Given more time, it would have been better for the students to create a digital presentation combining video, audio, text and images. Stretching the activiites over two weeks would have enabled this.

August 27, 2008

Want to get people interacting on your web site: blog or forum?

I’m often asked to explain the difference between a forum and a blog. More specifically, people want to know what would work best for their particular requirement. Often, they are looking for a way of getting their audience more involved with their web site and/or their teaching. I responded to such an enquiry today, with this short explanation.

Ignore the underlying technology for a moment, and instead consider blogs and forums as different media. Each has a different pattern of interaction and ownership.

A blog usually belongs to a single person. Or in some cases, a small group of people. The main body of content on the blog is the responsibility of that person. That might mean that they write the content themselves, or that they act as a kind of editor/reviewer presenting someone else’s content. A blog also consists of relatively substantial individual entries, which may or may not prompt a discussion (the blog owner has editorial control of the discussion). The discussion might then involve a wider range of people. The quality of a blog largely depends upon the main blog entries, although that quality might then be enhanced by the subsequent discussion. Some successful blogs contain no discursive element. For most blogs, the role of discursive content varies over time.

A forum is very different. It is owned by all of its participants (although there may be editorial control imposed by a moderator). Forums are built out of shorter discursive exchanges. They are driven by a group of individuals, each sharing a strong need for such exchanges. Without that need, the forum will fail. A further drawback is that a dialog built out of lots of small exchanges is likely to fragment. Some forums avoid this because their participants have a good shared understanding, and are already driven to collaborate effectively. Other forums work because they are driven by an effective moderator-tutor.

Which would I recommend? Unless you already have the kind of community that I describe as necessary for a forum, you should probably go with a blog. To make the blog work, you will need to regularly add entries that are substantial and interesting enough to provoke a worthy discussion. One further possibility would be to invite selected members of your target audience to write entries for the blog, so that it works a little like an edited journal.

An additional thought: perhaps in an ideal world, a blog entry could more fluidly connect to an existing discussion forum, web page, video etc.

July 09, 2008

Virtual Learning Environment benchmarking workshop

There seems to be a demand from universities for a more realistic, learner/teacher-centric evaluation of Virtual Learning Environments. How easy would it be to evaluate and compare the leading platforms? Perhaps we could just get them all together (users not vendors) in one room, on a set of screens, and do an evaluation? That’s what I am planning to do, with the aim of publishing the resulting findings, but also giving developers a chance to steal the best features from each system.

We have a nice shiny new experimental teaching space called the Teaching Grid. It has lots of projectors, nicely spaced out, with moveable partitions that can be used to create separate zones. My idea is this:
  1. Divide the room up into 6 zones, each with a screen, PC and projector.
  2. In each zone, display one of 6 different VLEs (WebCT, Blackboard, Moodle, Sakai, Sitebuilder/Warwick Blogs, and WebLearn/Boddington).
  3. Have a team of VLE users (teachers and students) & admins for each of the 6.
  4. Create a matrix of requirements, features, design patterns, and analyse each one accordingly.
  5. Present a list of 5 best aspects of each one.
  6. Allow each of the 6 teams to visit all of the others.

There will also be a “beyond the VLE” section, for features and design patterns that don’t exist in any of the VLEs.

We have the technology. I can get money for a lavish(!) buffet. All I need are representatives from unis that use each of the systems.

I’m aiming for mid-September 2008 for this.

Anyone interested?

March 19, 2008

Interview with Peter Kirwan, succesful student blogger

Peter Kirwan is a student in the English Department, and author of the popular Bardathon blog, in which he has become a really good theatre critic. The success of his blogging has led him to speak at conferences, and to write for the Guardian. I recently interviewed Peter about his blog and how it has contributed to his success as a student and a reviewer.

A great result. When Kay Sanderson and I first promoted the idea of academic blogging in 2003 we had hoped that it would help students in just this way: becoming active and self-reflective writers, and becoming part of the research and cultural process.

Created using an Apple MacBook, with the built-in camera. Recorded and edited with iMovie. Screen captures created in Screenflow. Converted to FLV format using Flix.

February 11, 2008

16 ways to make an excellent university

As part of the application process for a major award, I am currently reflecting upon the reasons why my work as Arts E-learning Advisor has been successful. Part of the answer is that the ‘e-learning’ initiative is facilitating a more widespread and comprehensive development of the ‘Warwick experience’. I have begun by listing 16 factors that I believe contribute to an excellent university; that is, 16 things that we can focus development upon. I can then investigate the means by which technology might be contributing to these 16 factors.
Firstly, a word about how this list was constructed. I have simply talked to many of the people who are responsible for creating an excellent ‘Warwick experience’ – not just the student experience, but also the researcher and teacher experience. Some of the ideas are developments of official teaching and learning strategy. Others are based upon my first hand experience as a student, researcher and teacher.

Here’s my list. It’s not intended to be exclusively complete, but rather to give a basic framework.

  1. Create, promote and review many diverse opportunities and resources.
  2. Reduce the burden of admin and bureaucracy.
  3. Enable and encourage enterprise.
  4. Provide space, tools and resources for creativity.
  5. Support managed risk taking.
  6. Support deep-learning and specialisation, within an understanding of wider contexts and connections.
  7. Establish a range of alternative channels of expression and collaboration, to be used intelligently, with purpose and discretion.
  8. Create and sustain meaningful communities at the appropriate scale and of the appropriate form.
  9. Facilitate international and local perspectives and connections as part of all activities.
  10. Form mutually beneficial collaborations that bring together diverse people (varying status, age, skills level, intellectual and cultural background etc).
  11. Develop, communicate and use appropriate and well defined values: benchmarks; standards; competencies (assessment).
  12. Enable and encourage the critical reflection, planning & action cycle.
  13. Identify and reward individual contributions, capabilities and achievements.
  14. Share examples, testimonies, methods and stories.
  15. Communicate and celebrate success.
  16. Provide an enjoyable, caring and friendly experience.
How then does technology fit into this? Clearly the intelligent and well designed use of new technologies may assist greatly with each of the points. I plan to explore this more thoroughly. But we should also consider what might be a prerequisite for technology having an effect in such fundamental and powerful processes. I argue that there are core competencies that are necessary pre-conditions for success: the core competencies of a digital native. It is in supporting the development of these core competencies, as much as the provision of actual technologies, that the most vital work lies.

February 10, 2008

More trivial uses of the blog video recorder

So far only one person has been brave enough to perform on Warwick Blogs…

This was recorded directly into the blog entry using the new blog video recorder and a web cam: now a standard feature of Warwick Blogs, thanks to the ingenious Mr Carpenter.

Internet Explorer users may need to click the video twice to play it.

August 28, 2007

Robert O'Toole E–learning Advisor CV statement

My latest CV…

Learning technology and learning design consultant

I have ten years of experience in the application of learning technologies to enhance and extend teaching, both in-class and online. This includes three years at the University of Oxford (1998 to 2001) and five years at the University of Warwick (2002 to present). I am currently the Arts Faculty E-learning Advisor at Warwick.

I work closely with faculty and students to identify, implement and review appropriate enhancements to existing practices. My work ‘in the field’ feeds back into the work of our applications development team, who have built an advanced and in some ways unique e-learning infrastructure, responding to the needs of the university. I am developing a patterns based approach to learning design.

The E-learning Advisor Team also undertakes development projects in order to investigate and report upon new techniques and technologies. For example, we are developing innovative online conferencing tools to support the syndication pattern employed by, amongst others, the Warwick Business School.

Teacher and technology coach

  • I am a trained, qualified and experienced teacher of information and communications technology (Postgraduate Certificate in Education, University of Warwick, 1996).
  • I have taught all kinds of people, ranging from school children to professors.
  • Much of my work in recent years has been with graduate students, and has focussed upon using technology to enhance communications, research, planning and enterprise.
  • My teaching is often within the context of group and individual development, with participants focussing upon the development of tangible and useable end products.
  • I use a wide range of techniques, including individual coaching, project work, experiental and simulation activities, and large interactive lectures. I blend on-site and online activities where appropriate.
  • I have designed module, course and programme level curricula.

Software developer

I am now specialising in Rich Internet Applications using Adobe Flex/Flash. I have also worked extensively with SQL databases, XML, Javascript and Java. I employ a patterns-based approach to analysis and design, with an agile customer focussed development process.

I am particularly experienced in developing applications that support the research and analysis process.

My developing skills

  • Technical and creative writing;
  • Broadcast and print journalism and production;
  • Team leadership;
  • Business analysis;
  • Marketing.

My other interests

I have a first class degree in philosophy from the University of Warwick, and continue my interest in this and related fields including cognitive science and educational theory. I also have an MSc in Knowledge Based Systems from the University of Sussex.

I am also interested in travel writing and journal writing.

July 17, 2007

WiMIC Browser – my first big Flex application

Writing about web page

The University of Warwick History Department is today releasing the beta version of its WiMIC Data Browser. This is a Flex 2 application that I have built to give online access to the huge bibliographical and biographical database of “women in modern Irish culture”, compiled by a team of researchers at Warwick and at University College Dublin.
The WiMICBrowser is an example of the kind of Rich Internet Application now made possible with the Adobe Flex development toolset. It provides four search interfaces, of varying degrees of complexity. For example, users can do a "Simple Author Search" by selecting the Authors tab and the Simple Search tab. This interface allows them to do a freetext search of various fields in the database's People table.

WiMIC Browser Simple Author Search

To compliment this simple search, there is also a "Complex Author Search" form that contains many more fields and options. Note that the user is given the option of saving the search in their "Filing Cabinet". This uses the Flex/Flash Shared Object system (Flash's equivalent of cookies) to permanently store the search parameters on the client machine's hard disk (until they select to delete it). A future migration of the application to Flex 3 and the Adobe Internet Runtime will allow these searches to be saved to ordinary files on disk, and hence allow them to be moved between PCs. I will also consider allowing users to share their searches online. Here is the search saved in the Filing Cabinet, with the options to re-run or delete it:

WiMICBrowser filing cabinet

And the results of the search is a list of mathing authors presented in a standard Flex datagrid, with the option to view a full record of any of the authors. An author record is shown below. Note that the results list remains populated with the results and accesible on a single click of a tab.

WiMICBrowser author record

The author record contains a rich array of data. Some authors are listed in the database under several names, thses are shown in the "All known names" list. Publications for the author are shown in the datagrid on the right. This shows 12 records at a time, with a paging control to move through the data. Notice that there is a link next to each publication record. Selecting the magnifying glass link opens that publication record in the Publications -> Selected Publication Record tab. For exmple, here is a book record:

WiMICBrowser Book Record

Each type of publication (book, book chapter, article, journal edition, play, film) has its own type of publication record page similar to this. These are created as Flex View States based on a generic Publication Base State. All of them list the authors of the publication, with their role in authoring it stated (for example, "editor"). The various recorded versions of the publication are also listed. In the case of a book, a datagrid is given listing its publishers and printers.

Publication records can also be found using the two publication search interfaces. Again these are "Simple" and "Complex". They work in a similar way to the Author Search interfaces. Here is the Complex Publications Search:

WiMICBrowser complex publications search

In this case the search is configured to return all books and articles (see the filter on the right) that are of the genre "religious", in the languages "Irish" and "English", written between 1700 and 2000. There are many other options for configuring and filtering the search. The SQL query for this search was rather difficult to write!

The results are again shown in a paged datagrid:

WiMICBrowser publication search results

The application is now available as a "beta", with the aim of getting feedback from researchers and students working in this field.

I will also soon write a technical review of the application, with consideration of the techniques used to build it, and the feasibility of creating similar applications in the future. For now, I will just say that for such a complex application, it was quite simple to contruct. The Flex/Eclipse IDE makes this possible. Employing a relatively sensible application framework has helped. I constructed my own MVC framework loosely based on my experience with Java application frameworks. The project structure is shown below:

WiMICBrowser project structure

The WiMICBrowser.mxml file defines both the container control (a set of customised TabNavigator controls) and the controller code (which maps actions onto action classes, and equips them with the required model objects and views). Note that the queries are specified in the queryDefinitions.xml file, loaded on start up. This is kept externally to the application, so that I can modify the queries independently. The queries themselves are SQL Server stored procedures.

The dataservices folder contains a class that does all of the work of connecting to a servlet to do the database queries. Communication with the servlet is via JSON, with the servlet mediating queries and results between the client app and a SQL Server. If I wish to employ a different method for communicating between the application and the database, or even using a different database, I just need to change the dataconnector class.

The utils folder contains various utilities, including the FilingCabinet class, which does all of the work of serializing and de-serializing model objects and query objects into the SharedObject storage (note that by default Flash/Flex does this really badly, serializing custom classes is not straightforwards). In the future I would like to try migrating the application to the Adobe Internet Runtime, so that it can run outside of the browser sandbox. That will then allow me to escape reliance on the SharedObject store. I will also soon add an option to create folders of selected publication and author records.

What then do I think of Flex and RIA technologies? Yes, at last we can easily and safely build complex web applications that run well on [m]any different platforms. 

June 22, 2007

Interview with winning student podcaster

Follow-up to Warwick Podcasts Competition finale from Transversality - Robert O'Toole

The Warwick Podcasts Competition has been a success. Nine departments entered student teams. All of the podcast interviews were of a good standard. I believe them to have established podcasting as a useful and viable addition to research based learning approaches. Yesterday I interviewed Manu Raivio of the winning team. The interview is online as a podcast along with the entries. Here is a summary of some of the key points.

My interview sought to examine the process of creating the podcast, with an emphasis upon the contribution of the activity to the development of Manu and Raj’s academic skills. Significant skills work was identified in the following areas:
  • Team working – the students organized themselves into a small production team, identifying the required roles and allocating them with consideration of skills and interests.
  • Research – as Manu makes clear, preparing effectively with a sound understanding of the subject area and the interviewee was essential.
  • Accessing and using archive material – particularly relevant to a podcast dealing with historical events.
  • Awareness of the audience – consideration was given as to how to produce a podcast that could be listenable for 15 minutes. The use of a small and well placed degree of humour worked particularly well.
  • Synthesis and analysis of a range of ideas, arguments and materials. Very much an audio essay.
  • Academic and interpersonal sensitivity – being aware of difficult areas, and approaching them carefully.
  • Identifying and highlighting key points.
  • Technical skills – recording, editing and publishing.

Two areas of difficulty were identified:

  1. Finding and accessing the required audio resources.
  2. Understanding and applying the relevant copyright and IPR practices.

These are particularly problematic areas, for which we should provide more support.

A further lesson to be taken from the interview is that, with the availability of user friendly software (Apple Garage Band), editing can be easy and can add to the academic process. For example, Manu and Raj replaced a long and too imprecise question with a shorter alternative more suited to the answer given by the interviewee. This is contrary to the advice given to the competition participants, as I warned them to avoid editing. However, few of them had access to such good software.

I conclude that this case substantiates my claim that student podcasting and interviewing is a valuable addition to research based learning approaches. In addition, I also believe that it adds some support to more radical conjectures:

  1. That an audio production of this kind is in many ways equivalent to a written essay.
  2. That as a skills and academic development task it is much better than the traditional seminar presentation, but still within the ability level of the average student.
  3. That podcasting can improve student self-confidence.
  4. That reconsidering the academic process as being a production process analogous to the production of a “programme” provides the participants with a more tangible and user friendly product with which they can be more involved and responsible.

June 15, 2007

Warwick Podcasts Competition finale

Follow-up to More free iPods and MP3 recorders from Transversality - Robert O'Toole

Nine podcast interviews have been submitted for the Warwick Podcasts Competition.

The Warwick Podcasts Competition for students will culminate on Tuesday 19th of June at 3.30pm, with an exciting awards ceremony in the atrium of University House. The ten student teams have each identified interviewees (staff or alumni), and are creating podcast interviews that illustrate some aspect of that person’s research or career. The students will gain valuable experience in using communications technologies, and the resulting interviews will showcase research and studies at Warwick.

You can read about the proposed podcasts at:

And the finished work will be uploaded to:

Winners will be announced and prizes awarded as part of a “champagne reception” at the end of the e-learning showcase day. If you are attending the Showcase Day, you are welcome to come to the awards ceremony.

To find out more about podcasting, come along to one of the Showcase Day sessions, or contact:

Tom Abbott (Communications Office)
Robert O’Toole (Arts Faculty)
Chris Coe (Social Sciences)
Steve Carpenter (Science and Engineering)
Stephen Brydges (Medical School)

May 25, 2007

More free iPods and MP3 recorders

Follow-up to Free iPods and professional MP3 recorders from Transversality - Robert O'Toole

Thanks again to the Alumni and Development Office, the EIF and the Communications Office for providing sponsorship. As you can see, I have quite a few MP3 recorders to give away as part of the Warwick Podcasts Competition.


Mr Stevens is obviously bored.

May 23, 2007

Free iPods and professional MP3 recorders

Follow-up to Warwick Podcasts Competition open now from Transversality - Robert O'Toole


I now have an impressive stack of iPods and Edirol MP3 recorders to give away for free – well almost free. This photo shows how a small pyramid can be constructed from just a few of them.

To find out more, see the Warwick Podcasts Competition page.