All 1 entries tagged Walter Gropius
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June 14, 2008
Architecture and cinema have an interrelated history: World renowned directors such as Fritz Lang and Segei Eisenstein had an architectural training. Increasing architecture is being recognised as a media form as well as having many other facets to it. Similarly cinema as a media form requires exhibitionary space in which to function. The architecture of cinemas has been an important development especially in the 20th century. How important cinemas will remain as exhibition spaces remains to be seen, just as what is actually shown in them is now possibly about to change as real time HD streaming of live events is become an everyday reality. On this page there are some videos representing architecture. A vast range of these can be viewed at the Architectural Videos Blog and for those with a very strong interest in architecture this site comes highly recommended.
Daniel Liebeskind: The Jewish Museum Berlin
Walter Gropius: The Bauhaus
The Bauhaus can in many ways be considered as an iconic building symbolising a return to a discourse of optimism and progress in the Weimar Republic. It was built soon after the Dawes plan was instituted to stabilise the German economy which had been suffering from severe hyperinflation. The revived economy, at least in the areas of lighter industry, was the perfect market for industrial designs; an area in which the Bauhaus soon came to be a world leader. Gropius was both an architect in his own right as well as being the director of the Bauhaus although architecture wasn't actually taught there during his time as director. However several students worked in his private office. The type of modernism with which the Bauhaus aesthetic cam to be linked was New Objectivity (Neuesachlichkeit) steered clear of Soviet Constructivism and also broke with the various strands of Expressionism prevalent in the Weimar aesthetic consciousness after the First World War. This was very much an anti-industrial feeling generated because of the mechanised mass killing of the First World War. There is of course a link between the Bauhaus and the Jewish Museum because the Bauhaus was eventually forced to leave its site in Dessau because it was persecuted by the local Nazis. It closed down very shortly after the Reichstag Fire and the takeover of the Nazis in the Spring of 1933.
More to come later.