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July 15, 2008

New German Cinema Directors

New German Cinema Directors

Under Construction

Return to Women and New Geman Cinema: the Marginalisation of Women Film Makers

Introduction


I recall some of the most exciting cinema of the 1970s being what became described as New German Cinema. This was the cinematic new wave which had broken at various times over much of Europe with most remembering France as being associated with the Nouvelle Vague, and the directors Truffaut, Godard, Chabrol, Rivette, Malle and several others being the cool people to talk about. Britain too had had its changes, as had  the then Czechoslovakia.  Germany too had had its new  wave. The build up for these  cultural moments and movements are of  course uneven however the same fundamentals were driving  these waves although each country had its cultural specificities.

In Germany the key defining moment or turning point can be seen as the Oberhausen Manifesto of 28th February 1962. The Oberhausen Film Festival was then in its eigth year. Young directors had been coming together at Oberhausen to celebrate their work in this small Ruhr town. The work itself comprised of shorts but there was a determination to make full- length feature films. The Oberhausen Manifesto was signed by 26 young directors overall. Undoubtedly their mood and their frustrations woring within a moribund German cinema of the time was intense. In reality the situation of the national cinemas in Britain, France and Italy was far more interesting by 1962. The directors declared their object to be no less than "...the creation of the new German Feature Film" (Cited Sandford p 12):

We have a concrete notion of the production of the new German cinema at the intellectual, formal and economic levels. We are collectively prepared to take economic risks. The old cinema is dead. We believe in the new one. (Oberhausen Manifesto 1962 cited Sandford p 13)

Women Directors in New German Cinema

It will be quickly be noticed that a significant number of the directors mentioned are women. It is interesting to note that two of the books on the current bibliography below were criticised by Julia Knight (1994) - also in the bibliography - because of their treatment (or lack of it) of women directors within New German Cinema. Knight cites Anton Kaes on page 14 who criticises Sandford's book:

such accomplished directors such as Helke Sander, Helma Sanders-Brahms, or Margarethe von Trotta are not represented as major directors but merely as illustrations of the women's film.

Corrigan's book published three years later focuses upon six case studies  which are all on male directors which :

...can inevitably come to be considered in some way representative. this futher reinforces the marginalisation of women's film-making. (Knight, 1992 p 14)

Knight is of course quite right becuase academic contributions help to construct the dominant discourse so it is as well a corrective was put into place, albeit some ten years later! Knight continued her survey of academic contributions which will be summarised in a later posting suffice it to say here this linked (where possible) overview has been constructed to recognise this critical gap in academic output. Where there are no links to external comments considered of worth this acts as an identification of a critical gap, and proffers a research opportunity to Germanists at least. (See also Women's Cinema in Germany)

Researcher Warning

For those visitors using this as a research reference point in Women and Film please cite the page referencing the date of access. This is very important as this page will be a dynamic one for some time as new links are researched and added.


Directors
Dates
Key Films
Prizes
Achternbusch, Herbert
1938-

Federal Film Prize 1982 das letze  Loch (The Last Hole) 1981
Ackeren, Robert van
1946-

Federal film Prize 1973  Harlis (1972/3)
Alemann, Claudia von 1943-


Bohm, Hark 1939-


Brückner Jutta 1941-


Brustellin, Alf
1940-


Costard, Hellmuth
1940-


Deppe, Gardi



Dörrie, Doris
1955-


Engström, Ingemo
1941-


Harun, Farocki
1943-


Fassbinder, Rainer Werner
1945-1982

Fassbinder Volume 1

Fassbinder  Volume 2


Fechner, Eberhard
1926-


Fleischmann, Peter 1937-


Geissendörfer, Hans W.
1941-


Gremm, Wolf
1942-


Genée, Heidi



Hauff, Reinhard
1939-


Herzog, Werner
1942-


Huillet, Danièle + Jump Cut interview



Jungmann, Recha



Kasper, Barbara



Keusch, Erwin
1946-


Klick, Roland
1939-


Kluge, Alexander 1932-

Special Prize Venice 1966 Abschied von Getstern (Yesterday Girl) 1965/66

Venice Grand Prix 1968 Die Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: Ratlos (Artistes at the Top of the Big Top : Disorientated) 1967

Federal Film Prizes in 1967 / 1969 /1979

Kotulla, Theodor
1928-


Kubach, Gabi



Kückelmann, Norbert
1930-


Lemke, Klaus
1940-


Lilienthal, Peter
1929-


Lüdcke, Marianne
1943-


Meerapfel, Jeanine



Mikesch, Elfi
1940-


Nekes, Werner
1944-


Ottinger, Ulrike
1942-


Perincioli, Christina (Swiss national)




Petersen, Wolfgang
1941-


Praunheim, Rosa von
1942-


Reich, Uschi



Reidemeister, Helga + Jump Cut

Reidemeister/Perincioli/Bruckner

1940


Reitz, Edgar
1932-


Rischert, Christian
1936-


Runge, Erika
1939-


Runze, Ottokar
1925


Salles, Sohrab Shahid



Sander, Helke

+ Sander Feminism & Film

1937-


Sanders-Brahms, Helma 1940-


Schaff, Johannes
1939-


Schilling, Nicklaus
1944-


Schlöndorff, Völker 1939-


Schmid, Daniel
1941-


Schmidt, Eckhart
1938-


Schroeter, Werner
1938-


Sinkel, Bernhard
1940-


Spils, May
1941-


Stöckl, Ula 1938-


Straub, Jean-Marie
1933-


Syberberg, Hans Jürgen 1935-


Thome, Rudolf
1939-


Trotta, Margarethe von+ Jump Cut

1942-


Tuchtenhagen, Gisela
1943-


Vogler, Volker



Wenders, Wim 1945-


Wildenhahn, Klaus
1945-


Ziewer, Christian
1941-



Return to Women and New German Cinema: the Marginalisation of Women Film Makers


Webliography

Useful page at Queens University Belfast: The New German Cinema


Bibliography

Corrigan, Timothy. 1983. New German Film: The Displaced Image. Bloomington: Indiana University Press

Elsaesser, Thomas. 1989. New German cinema: A History. London: British Film Institute


Knight, Julia. 1992. German Women and the New German Cinema. London: Verso

Sandford John. 1980. The New German Cinema. London: Eyre Methuen


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