All entries for May 2007
May 14, 2007
The objectives of the maintenance strategy should be to:
i) Minimize the downtime factor and try to guarantee the reliability of equipment throughout its working life.
ii) Minimize the technician maintenance time
iii) Diminish the risk of personnel injury resulting from maintenance tasks and by the use of organizations equipment (Rich, 2001; Yang et al, 2003).
iV) Minimize and control the cost resulting from maintenance activities (Yang et al, 2003).
V) Collecting the experience gained form each breakdown and the development of skills from personnel who operate with in (Rich, 2001; Yang et al, 2003).
May 13, 2007
Knowledge Management had 4 broad type objectives.
a) The create knowledge repositories that will store knowledge and information that will be documented.
b) To provide and improve access to knowledge databases to every individual and also facilitate its transfer.
c) To enhance knowledge environment, so that the environment is conductive to more effective knowledge creation.
d) To manage knowledge as an asset and to recognize the value of knowledge in an organization.
According to my research i ended up to the result that a knowledge system must contain three basic components.
A) Knowledge Base that contains, knowledge of facts, general information, judgments, intuition, experience and expertise gained.
B) An deduction mechanism which interprets the knowledge in the knowledge base and performs logical deduction and certain logical deduction.
C) Control Mechanism which organizes and manages the strategies taken to apply the inference project.
May 12, 2007
The CMM framework it assists organizations that operate in an application development framework to increase and improve their abilities in their application development processes. The framework is consisted out of 5 Levels.
These five levels of maturity define an ordinal scale for measuring the maturity of an organization application development capability. Each maturity level is a well defined evolutionary plateau that comprises a set of processes and goals that when satisfied make a significant addition to the sophistication and capability of an organization processes.
Level 1: The initial level
At the initial level the application development practices are inconsistent. The processes are either non existent or they haven’t been properly assessed. Organizations at the initial level usually lack of stable environment and pay less attention on following any processes that exist.
Level 2: The repeatable level
The primary objective at level 2 is to stabilize project commitment and management control processes. It is crucial first to establish a stable environment that assists the reappearance of successful practices of prior projects.Thus one the objective for achieving level 2 for maturity is to institutionalize effective management processes for projects which will allow organizations to repeat successful practices gained from previous projects (Paulk et al, 1993)
Level 3: The defined Level
At this defined level, the process for planning, developing and maintaining a project is documented. This set of documentation encompasses software engineering processes, management and tracking processes. Through this set of documentation these procedures are integrated in to a coherent common organization application development standard
Level 4: The managed Level
Level 4 can be seen as a measurement process that is measuring the effectiveness of the define process so that they will obtain continues improvement. Thus at this level the organization monitors the defined processes of all active projects collecting metrics for the improvement of the process.
Level 5: The Optimization Level
Al level five which is the highest level of maturity the entire organization is focused on continues process improvement.The organizations major goal her is the prevention of defects. In order for this to be achieved the project teams make a thorough effort to analyze and determine the cause of defects. By deploying the knowledge gained, continues improvement can be produced proactively to evaluate the development of new techniques or processes for potential adoption. Thus the organizatin is learning here.
People often confuse knowledge with information. Information is processed data that can exist within computers and can be transferred to everyone in our days.
Defining knowledge accurately is more difficult than defining information which can also be considered as a major difference. It is well agreed that knowledge is a structured combination of ideas, rules, procedures and information’s (Bhatt, 2000). Consequently knowledge can be seen as the ability of an individual giving meaning to the information provided to him. It is only through meaning that information find life and becomes knowledge.