Architectural Styles Across Britain
It is on the site of a convent, founded in 673 by St. Etheldreda, a Saxon princess. Work on the cathedral began in 1083 but the monastery was dissolved in 1539 after Henry VIII's break from Rome. Many statues, carvings and stained glass windows were destroyed including St. Etheldreda's Shrine.
Harlech Castle (pictured), built by Edward I in 1283, has a history of occupation and assault. In 1404 Owen Glendower captured it and held a parliament there. Twice it was the last Welsh fortress to surrender, both to the Yorkists in 1468, and to the Parliamentarians during the Civil War in 1647.
The present Little Moreton Hall (pictured) was begun in the mid 15th century and was finally completed in 1610. It has been little altered since then, providing one of the finest examples of a timber-framed, moated manor house in England.
Glamis Castle (pictured) dates from the late 17th century, although the site is believed to, have been occupied by the Scottish monarch Macbeth in the 11th century. Originally a hunting lodge, it has been altered and reconstructed ever since. Glamis Castle is the family seat of the late Queen Mother.
The Bridgewater Canal was built by James Brindley for the Duke of Bridgewater to transport coal the ten miles from his Worsley mines to Manchester. The canal was completed in 1761, halving the cost of coal in Manchester. In 1776 it was extended by 30 miles from Manchester to Liverpool.
Bridges and tunnels
Houses and palaces
Hampton Court Palace (pictured) is Britain's largest Tudor Palace but few traces remain of its origins as a manor house. The transformation began with Cardinal Wolsey who turned it into a bishop's palace after he acquired it in 1514. It later became a Royal Palace when it was taken over by Henry VIII in 1528.