All entries for Sunday 20 March 2016

March 20, 2016

Leadership – power

According to my opinion, leadership and power are closely linked to each other, because leaders must have "power" to influence the followers because of their skills and personal qualities, to be admired by the followers or they have power because they are expert in their specific field. I read about French and Raven's five types of power (legitimate, expert, referent, coercive, reward) and I don't think that they can work in many situation because we all know that effective leadership depends on the characteristics of the leader, followers and situation. However, I found expert power useful, because when a leader is aware of his/her skills, competencies, abilities, knowledge, professionalism, he/she can understand the situation and make right judgements and creative solutions, the followers will listen to him/her. When leaders can demonstrate their expertise, they can gain trust and respect from their followers. Furthermore, because of the expert power, leaders can demonstrate their confidence, decisiveness, professionalism and rational thinking to their followers and gain support from them. In addition to this, this power is based on knowledge what nobody can take away from the leaders, although they have to learn and improve their knowledge continuously in order to be able to keep up their expert power.

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