All entries for October 2004
October 15, 2004
3. In Theatron, explore the model of the Theatre of Dionysos, which represents the theatre as it may have been during the Lycurgan period (338 – 326 B.C.E.). Compare and contrast its stone skene with the wooden Phlyakes stage.
i.What possibilities and limitations for performance does each type of scene building allow or impose?
The phylax has the advantage invoking intimate and close actor/audience proxemics which is useful for comedy and satyr ; it would be very easy for an actos to focus attention, to use facial expression and more subtle nuonces. However tragedy would not be transfered very succesfully to this staging.
In the Thetaron software on the Theatre of Dionysos once gets a strong sense of its size and grandeur:
A great tragedy such as the Orestia which has a huge cast, melo-drmatic scenes and higher political importance would be very much suited to the theatre Dioysos which could accomadate a large audience forn religious festivals ; yet this would be unsuited to farce ; the theatres size would have meant that key jokes would have been lost!
iii. Where could the chorus have performed?
On the same stage the chorus ( the furies) could have filled alot of the front of the stage, swamping the enire space tor represent their constand presence on earth . However it would not be right for them to enter the skene whcih would have been the temple of Apollo and thus beyond there power.
ii. Where could Klytemnestra, Apollo and Orestes have performed in the opening scene of the play?
In the portico of the skene it would be good to perofm the opeining scene of the Eumenides with Klytemnestra, Apollo and Orestes . This temporary structure could represent the front of the temple of apollo and would be a good contrast to the Furies who could fill the whole of the stage!
2 i)The 4th century B.C.E. Phlyakes vases from the south of Italy show temporary wooden stages which we believe are similar or identical to those that would have been used for comic performance in the 5th century B.C.E. How adequate or appropriate would such a stage have been for the performance of tragedy in the 5th century B.C.E., in particular the Eumenides?
The stage depicted in the phalyax vases would not have been adequate to stage the performance of tragedy in the 5th century B.C.E . The Phylax stage was constructed for comic/satyr productions as opposed to tragedy . They were small perfoamnce areas that looked very simple in design as though they could be dismantled quickly as part of a traveeling troupe (although some historians have said that this was simply due to the limited space available to phylax vase painters) . Tragedies would have consisted of a huge cast, with many chrous members and the phylax stage would not have been able to accomadate such a number!
Comedies could be more intimate whereas tragedies needed more space in there grandeur and melo-drama.
1 ii) Despite the factthat the vases depict the myth they can still be taken significant evidence for ancient theatre practice for the play would undoubtedly be influenced by myth inspired pictures.
Thus the vase paintings could be taken as direct evidence of how the ancinet theatre performance would have been carried out!
1 i) If you look at the ancient vase paintings you eill see subtle evidence that shows the vases depict the greek myth as opposed to the myth-influence play.
In this vase painting you will see woman ; woman would not have been part of the male orientated Thetare Dionysos in ancient greece. Moreover the nakedness and the depiction of snakes would not be conducive to an ancient greek play.
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This is a brilliant evaluation of web resources for a theatre historian ; there si alot of useful informatiin which guides you through each web-site , insightful information, good pictures that dont just take up space for there is a mass of textual material.
The website that she added to the links '' acient theatre'';http;//didaskalia.open.ac.uk/StudyArea/introtoacncienttheatre.html