All entries for May 2015
May 30, 2015
Writing about web page https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OjoboJxaaiE
I am getting the hang of it! It seems that video editing is a skill with a smooth learning curve. This time around I had a video recording and an audio recording to work with. The video recording covers a part of the meeting where our friend Esther Jawing is talking about using NVivo for thematic analysis. The audio recording covers the whole meeting. Now, getting the two recording into iMovie was simple enough, creating a joint video was very easy. Except the audio recording quality dropped massively in the video file. Apparently the internal microphone of a smart phone is not as good as a dedicated professional audio recorder, who knew :)
So, I overlaid the dedicated audio recording over the video recording. Turned down the audio track from the video file and voila! a great sounding video. The tricky part was getting the two files to synchronize perfectly, which was not as easy as you would imagine. iMovie was not helpful in this are, which caused me to I struggle a little bit to get a convincing synch.
You can watch the final product here; seek to minute 49:35 to see how the video track and audio track work together.
The video contents are:
- Case studies: what are cases in each research
- Case study as a research design, approach and methodology
- Disclosing information about case study details
- Ontology, Epistemology & Axiology
- Using NVivo for thematic analysis
After finishing the editing, I was glad with how things turned out thinking to myself “this is a genius set up, people should use a similar handheld audio recorder to improve the audio quality of their videos!” I then realized that people have been doing this for ages. Just go to YouTube and search vloggers audio setup for their videos. Turns out that my handheld device was somehow popular on YouTube. On the right you can see a standard set up for capturing video with high-quality audio (credit: Better Family Photos).
I wish to thank Hafiz Hanif for providing the video file; probably video recording should be a standard in our future meetings. I think I will bring this up in a future meeting and see.
May 28, 2015
The nicest thing a fellow student could do is to share his/her resources. Especially when they give you the best of their resources, straight to the point, bite-sized and concise.
Well, this is exactly what our colleague Hessah did when she sent me a couple of book chapters on Researcher's paradigm and research philosophy. Her intension was to share these resources with other students (which I am gladly doing through this post).
So, here you will find some useful documents. I will be updating this blog post with more resources as soon as I come across any good ones.
Rubin, H.J. & Rubin, I.S. 2012. Chapter 2. Research Philosophy and Qualitative Interviews. In: Qualitative Interviewing: The Art of Hearing Data Third Edition. SAGE Publications, Inc. pp. 13-24.
- Creswell, J.W. & Plano Clark, V.L. 2011. Chapter 3. Choosing a Mixed Methods Research Design. In: Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research (2nd Ed.). SAGE Publications, Inc, pp. 53-106.
- Mackenzie, N. & Knipe, S. 2006. Research dilemmas: Paradigms, methods and methodology. Issues In Educational Research, 16, 2006.
- Flowers, P. 2009. Research Philosophies – Importance and Relevance. Research Philosophies – Importance and Relevance, 1, 2009.
flowers_2009.pdfnote: this is not a peer-reviewed article but is still useful
- Alsalahi, S.M. 2015. Paradigmatic Standpoints of Master’s and Doctoral THESIS. Exeter University.
alsalahi_2015.pdfnote: this powerpoint document is in Arabic & English
I wish you find these useful. Special thanks to Hessah.
May 18, 2015
Writing about web page https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qnE55FPS7yY
First recording upload to YouTube
It was not an easy job getting my first YouTube upload in this format! I created a dedicated YouTube channel for the group (link) and had to learn how to transform an audio recording into a video file (using iMovie) so YouTube will accept it. The reason that I wanted to upload the file to YouTube is that I could have cut into bite-size chunks so it's easier to jump through. The result is a nice looking file with a detailed description of its contents. Additionally, I learnt to use the annotations, which are very useful little things!
So, annotations are "clickable text overlays on YouTube videos". They are used by YouTubers to increase their view count and help engage more subscribers. You are advised to be inventive in using annotations. I remembered once seeing a video where the uploader made self-referring links in the video that allowed to jump from one point in time to another. After a bit of tweaking and trial and error, I was able to overlay a couple annotations that broke the file into four major parts. Pressing each one will allow the viewer to seek into a different part of the recording. I am generally happy with the result. I hope it's clear for first time viewers.
So, please have a look through and don't forget to check out the video description just underneath the title and the sharing buttons. Oh yeah, and share it if you feel like it. Link to video
The video description
For more details about the content of the video I added a detailed account of the recording contents. A time stamp and a title of the discussion is listed in chronological order. The time stamp is clickable and will make the video jump to the exact point of timw where the right topic is discussed. I’m genuinely impressed with how things worked out at the end. Alas, it was not an easy job! Uploading the recording took about an hour!! Adding the annotations took another hour, and don't get me started on the editing (the video rendering only took a whopping 5 hours on a 2.8 Intel Core i7 with 8 Gigs of ram)! Regardless, let's just hope there’s a learning curve here and let's hope next time it won't be this much time consuming. Because I intend to not quit on this project. Oh yeah, I to see this through.
Although this recording is on YouTube it is somehow private. This will be good news for you if you were in the recording and are shy or unconformable being on YouTube. Because the recordings is "Unlisted". Making a video "unlisted" means only those who have the link to the video can view it. An unlisted video won’t appear in YouTube's search results (unless someone adds the unlisted video to a public playlist). You can share the video by simply sharing the link with the people who you’d like to have access to it.
May 17, 2015
Researcher’s paradigm is tricky concept. The problem starts with the term itself, with authors using various terms to refer to the same concept. The used terms include Researcher’s philosophy, philosophical worldview and Researcher’s framework.
Regardless, the paradigm is essentially an umbrella term that refers to the researcher’s ontology and epistemology.
According to Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary, Ontology refers to the branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of existence. Epistemology on the other hand refers to the part of philosophy that deals with knowledge. Epistemology is a theory of knowledge, especially with regard to its methods, validity, and scope, and the distinction between justified belief and opinion.
To read more on the difference between ontology and epistemology check my entry to the ARM programme blog and make sure you download the attached PowerPoint file. Here http://blogs.warwick.ac.uk/voices/entry/researchers_paradigm/
A great resource I found online is an article by Professor Ørjan Totland, I found on the Norwegian University of Science and Technology website. Here http://www.idi.ntnu.no/grupper/su/publ/html/totland/ch032.htm
In our first meeting of the CESPHD support group, we had a lively discussion on the researcher’s paradigm. Thankfully, some great books were suggested. Here’s a detailed account of the suggested books:
1) An easy to read and great with real-life examples book is Braun & Clarke's Successful Qualitative Research: A Practical Guide for Beginners. Library link
Paperback: 400 pages
Publisher: SAGE Publications Ltd (28 Feb. 2013)
4) Another authoruty is Stephen Gorard, whos provides hugely critical review of other authors. This makes him a great resource for those who want a critical edge to their work. See all Gorard's book in the Library here
5) A must-have book is Matthews & Ross's Research Methods: A Practical Guide for the Social Sciences See Library Link or View Online
Paperback: 520 pages
Publisher: Longman; 1 edition (9 Jun. 2010)
Feel free to suggest your own favourate books in the comments below
What a great first meeting we had! I genuinely enjoyed myself and had great discussions with other colleagues. The 75 minutes meeting was very smooth and productive. The 9 attendees discussed their research as well as the format and goal of the support group.
Introducing the Group and its goals, followed by a discussion on the formula and regularity of meetings.
Asima, who also provided us with a list of book recommendations, triggered a lively discussion on Ontology & Epistemology. The discussion is going to continue on our next meeting. Make sure you are present for that!
The book recommendations are further discussed here.
Another great discussion on Data Collection took place, with everybody chipping in. We all presented out data collection duration and how we managed our schedules.
Interview transcriptions were also discussed, with colleagues sharing their experiences in using transcribing software (namely NVivo). A coming up meeting will include detailed discussions and tips on using NVivio.
Self-reflection was also discussed and the matter of keeping a personal diary. Some suggested keeping track of your work, others suggested going back to your old material and reflect on it.
A closing discussion included the possibility of help from the department. The idea is that the department offered to provide us with workshop and one-on-one support on key research-related topics, such as using NVivo and SPSS. A group of students who are interested in such help can request formal support from the department. The CESPHD support group will help facilitate this request.
Looking forward to our next meeting! Make sure you are present so you don’t miss out.
May 12, 2015
It brings me great pleasure to announce forming a PHD support group. The group is called CESPHD and as the name suggests it is aimed at all PHD students at the Centre for Education Studies.
Goal of the group
As many of you have indicated on various occasions, there is a need for some sort of a group that allows students to discuss their research and help each others overcome the similar obstacles they are facing. Well, here's your chance, an informal group formed and managed by students. Thanks to everyone of you who expressed interest and helped with your valuable input (especially Asima, Hafiz, Sakinah & Natia)
The main goals of the group are:
- help students meet on a semi-regular basis in a friendly environment where they can talk openly about their research experience
- transfer research experience and share helpful tips
- capitalise on the collective thinking and allow feedback for those who would like to present their work to a fresh set of eyes
Additional benefits include (and are not limited to)
- Sharing tips on valuable papers and books
- Provide solutions to potential problems (brainstorming/focus group)
- Giving conference heads up
- A good place to just hang out and plan fun activities
The formula of the meeting
As mentioned above the meetings are biweekly and take place in the late morning. The meeting is open for everyone to show up and leave whenever they feel like it.
Please keep in mind that this is definitely not a formal thing and most definitely not mandatory.
In order for the meeting to be most fruitful you are encourage to:
- Have a personal 'agenda' for the meeting; this is what you want to get out of the meeting. You personal agenda can be some piece of work you are working on and feel stuck and in need of fresh eyes to have a look at.
- Don't expect everyone to show up so try and make use of as many people who are present on the day.
- If you are not facing any problems with your research (in which case congratulations!! you are the 1 in a million) you are still welcome to take part and help other students. Who knows? you might just pick up the most useful piece of advice for your work (well... it's a possibility!
- Be reasonable in your expectations, this is not a tutoring group or a workshop (although some members might be up for one-to-one tutorials according to their time and availability.
Looking forward to your participation both in the Group and online, please feel free to view, comment and post on this blog.