Factors Influencing Situation Awareness
There exist 4 factors that influence situation awareness. There are (1) Stress and Fatigue, (2) Training and Experience, (3) Workload and (4) Clear Goals and Objectives.
These are important because they can help to identify the reasons why an error happened. It is not important to use them in order to accuse or blame somebody about a mistake but to be able to learn about it and avoid repeating it.
For example, last weekend I went to help a racing team in the Formula 4 races at Oulton Park close to Crewe. There was a car that on the qualifiers had a problem and couldn't finish. Therefore, the driver started on last place on the following races suffering a great disadvantage!!! The problem was a mechanical error that didn't allow the formula car to finish the competition. The factors could have been by used by the racing team manager to understand what happened and do not let it happen again. I think it was probably a workload factor as the that racing team had so much work that could not give proper maintenance to the car. Therefore, the manager could redesign the job of the mechanics or maybe hired a new one to avoid this repeating.
This is just an example, but it can be very useful to apply the influencing factors to understand mistakes.