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July 15, 2008

New German Cinema Directors

New German Cinema Directors

Under Construction

Return to Women and New Geman Cinema: the Marginalisation of Women Film Makers

Introduction


I recall some of the most exciting cinema of the 1970s being what became described as New German Cinema. This was the cinematic new wave which had broken at various times over much of Europe with most remembering France as being associated with the Nouvelle Vague, and the directors Truffaut, Godard, Chabrol, Rivette, Malle and several others being the cool people to talk about. Britain too had had its changes, as had  the then Czechoslovakia.  Germany too had had its new  wave. The build up for these  cultural moments and movements are of  course uneven however the same fundamentals were driving  these waves although each country had its cultural specificities.

In Germany the key defining moment or turning point can be seen as the Oberhausen Manifesto of 28th February 1962. The Oberhausen Film Festival was then in its eigth year. Young directors had been coming together at Oberhausen to celebrate their work in this small Ruhr town. The work itself comprised of shorts but there was a determination to make full- length feature films. The Oberhausen Manifesto was signed by 26 young directors overall. Undoubtedly their mood and their frustrations woring within a moribund German cinema of the time was intense. In reality the situation of the national cinemas in Britain, France and Italy was far more interesting by 1962. The directors declared their object to be no less than "...the creation of the new German Feature Film" (Cited Sandford p 12):

We have a concrete notion of the production of the new German cinema at the intellectual, formal and economic levels. We are collectively prepared to take economic risks. The old cinema is dead. We believe in the new one. (Oberhausen Manifesto 1962 cited Sandford p 13)

Women Directors in New German Cinema

It will be quickly be noticed that a significant number of the directors mentioned are women. It is interesting to note that two of the books on the current bibliography below were criticised by Julia Knight (1994) - also in the bibliography - because of their treatment (or lack of it) of women directors within New German Cinema. Knight cites Anton Kaes on page 14 who criticises Sandford's book:

such accomplished directors such as Helke Sander, Helma Sanders-Brahms, or Margarethe von Trotta are not represented as major directors but merely as illustrations of the women's film.

Corrigan's book published three years later focuses upon six case studies  which are all on male directors which :

...can inevitably come to be considered in some way representative. this futher reinforces the marginalisation of women's film-making. (Knight, 1992 p 14)

Knight is of course quite right becuase academic contributions help to construct the dominant discourse so it is as well a corrective was put into place, albeit some ten years later! Knight continued her survey of academic contributions which will be summarised in a later posting suffice it to say here this linked (where possible) overview has been constructed to recognise this critical gap in academic output. Where there are no links to external comments considered of worth this acts as an identification of a critical gap, and proffers a research opportunity to Germanists at least. (See also Women's Cinema in Germany)

Researcher Warning

For those visitors using this as a research reference point in Women and Film please cite the page referencing the date of access. This is very important as this page will be a dynamic one for some time as new links are researched and added.


Directors
Dates
Key Films
Prizes
Achternbusch, Herbert
1938-

Federal Film Prize 1982 das letze  Loch (The Last Hole) 1981
Ackeren, Robert van
1946-

Federal film Prize 1973  Harlis (1972/3)
Alemann, Claudia von 1943-


Bohm, Hark 1939-


Brückner Jutta 1941-


Brustellin, Alf
1940-


Costard, Hellmuth
1940-


Deppe, Gardi



Dörrie, Doris
1955-


Engström, Ingemo
1941-


Harun, Farocki
1943-


Fassbinder, Rainer Werner
1945-1982

Fassbinder Volume 1

Fassbinder  Volume 2


Fechner, Eberhard
1926-


Fleischmann, Peter 1937-


Geissendörfer, Hans W.
1941-


Gremm, Wolf
1942-


Genée, Heidi



Hauff, Reinhard
1939-


Herzog, Werner
1942-


Huillet, Danièle + Jump Cut interview



Jungmann, Recha



Kasper, Barbara



Keusch, Erwin
1946-


Klick, Roland
1939-


Kluge, Alexander 1932-

Special Prize Venice 1966 Abschied von Getstern (Yesterday Girl) 1965/66

Venice Grand Prix 1968 Die Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: Ratlos (Artistes at the Top of the Big Top : Disorientated) 1967

Federal Film Prizes in 1967 / 1969 /1979

Kotulla, Theodor
1928-


Kubach, Gabi



Kückelmann, Norbert
1930-


Lemke, Klaus
1940-


Lilienthal, Peter
1929-


Lüdcke, Marianne
1943-


Meerapfel, Jeanine



Mikesch, Elfi
1940-


Nekes, Werner
1944-


Ottinger, Ulrike
1942-


Perincioli, Christina (Swiss national)




Petersen, Wolfgang
1941-


Praunheim, Rosa von
1942-


Reich, Uschi



Reidemeister, Helga + Jump Cut

Reidemeister/Perincioli/Bruckner

1940


Reitz, Edgar
1932-


Rischert, Christian
1936-


Runge, Erika
1939-


Runze, Ottokar
1925


Salles, Sohrab Shahid



Sander, Helke

+ Sander Feminism & Film

1937-


Sanders-Brahms, Helma 1940-


Schaff, Johannes
1939-


Schilling, Nicklaus
1944-


Schlöndorff, Völker 1939-


Schmid, Daniel
1941-


Schmidt, Eckhart
1938-


Schroeter, Werner
1938-


Sinkel, Bernhard
1940-


Spils, May
1941-


Stöckl, Ula 1938-


Straub, Jean-Marie
1933-


Syberberg, Hans Jürgen 1935-


Thome, Rudolf
1939-


Trotta, Margarethe von+ Jump Cut

1942-


Tuchtenhagen, Gisela
1943-


Vogler, Volker



Wenders, Wim 1945-


Wildenhahn, Klaus
1945-


Ziewer, Christian
1941-



Return to Women and New German Cinema: the Marginalisation of Women Film Makers


Webliography

Useful page at Queens University Belfast: The New German Cinema


Bibliography

Corrigan, Timothy. 1983. New German Film: The Displaced Image. Bloomington: Indiana University Press

Elsaesser, Thomas. 1989. New German cinema: A History. London: British Film Institute


Knight, Julia. 1992. German Women and the New German Cinema. London: Verso

Sandford John. 1980. The New German Cinema. London: Eyre Methuen


March 23, 2008

G.W. Pabst (1885–1967)

G.W. Pabst (1885-1967)

Return to Weimar Directors Hub Page

Filmography  (Weimar period)

This listing is taken from the Deutsche Film Portal. Not all links are theirs.

. 1932
.
. Die Herrin von Atlantis
Regie
.
. 1932/1933
.
. Don Quichotte
Regie
.
. 1932/1933
.
. Don Quixote
Regie
.
. 1932
.
. L'Atlantide
Regie
.
. 1932
.
. The Mistress of Atlantis
Regie
.
.

.
. 1931
.
. La tragédie de la mine
Regie
.
. 1930/1931
.
. Die 3-Groschen-Oper
Regie
.
. 1930/1931
.
. L'opera de quat'sous
Regie
.
. 1930
.
. Moral um Mitternacht
Künstlerische Oberleitung
.
. 1930
.
. Skandal um Eva
Regie
.
. 1930
.
. Westfront 1918
Regie
.
. 1929
.
. Die weiße Hölle vom Piz Palü
Regie
.
. 1929
.
. Tagebuch einer Verlorenen
Produzent, Regie
.
. 1928
.
. Abwege
Regie, Schnitt
.
. 1928/1929
.
. Die Büchse der Pandora
Regie
.
. 1927
.
. Die Liebe der Jeanne Ney
Regie, Schnitt
.
. 1926
.
. Man spielt nicht mit der Liebe
Regie, Schnitt
.
. 1925
.
. Die freudlose Gasse
Regie, Schnitt
.
. 1925/1926
.
. Geheimnisse einer Seele
Regie
.
. 1924
.
. Gräfin Donelli
Regie
.
.

.
. 1922/1923
.
. Der Schatz
Regie
.
. 1922
.
. Luise Millerin
Drehbuch, Regie-Assistenz
.
. 1921/1922
.
. Der Taugenichts
Drehbuch, Regie-Assistenz
.
. 1921
.
. Im Banne der Kralle
Darsteller, Produzent

Webliography


Scholarly work on Pabst

Senses of Cinema site on The Threepenny Opera


Joe May (1880–1954)

Joe May (1880-1954)

Filmography

This listing is taken from the Deutsche Film Portal. Currently all links are their's with the exception of Asphalt.  

.
. 1933
.
. Tout pour l'amour
Director
.
. 1932/1933
.
. Ein Lied für Dich
Director
.
. 1932
.
. Hochzeitsreise zu Dritt
Creative consultant
.
. 1932
.
. Voyage de noces
Creative consultant
.
. 1931
.
. ...und das ist die Hauptsache
Director,Producer,Production manager
.
. 1931/1932
.
. Zwei in einem Auto
Production manager,Director,Producer
.
.
. 1930
.
. Ihre Majestät die Liebe
Production manager,Director,Producer
.
.
. 1930
.
. Son altesse l'amour
Creative consultant,Co-Producer
.
.
. 1929/1930
.
. Der unsterbliche Lump
Producer,Creative consultant
.
.
. 1929/1930
.
. Die letzte Kompagnie
Producer
.
.
. 1928/1929
.
. Asphalt
Director,Screenplay
.
.
. 1928
.
. Heimkehr
Director,Screenplay,Editing
.
.
. 1928
.
. Ungarische Rhapsodie
Screenplay
.
.
. 1927/1928
.
. Die Durchgängerin
Production manager,Producer
.
.
. 1926
.
. Dagfin
Director,Producer,Screenplay
.
.

.
. 1926
.
. Derby. Ein Ausschnitt aus der Welt des Trabersports
Producer,Creative consultant
.
.
. 1926
.
. Staatsanwalt Jordan
Producer
.
.
. 1924/1925
.
. Der Farmer aus Texas
Director,Producer,Screenplay
.
. 1924
.
. Die Liebesbriefe der Baronin von S...
Producer
.
.
. 1923/1924
.
. Der geheime Agent
Producer
.
.
. 1922/1923
.
. Tragödie der Liebe [1-teilig]
Producer,Director
.
.
. 1922/1923
.
. Tragödie der Liebe. 1. Teil
Producer,Director
.
.
. 1922/1923
.
. Tragödie der Liebe. 2. Teil
Producer,Director
.
.
. 1922/1923
.
. Tragödie der Liebe. 3. Teil
Producer,Director
.
.
. 1922/1923
.
. Tragödie der Liebe. 4. Teil
Producer,Director
.
.
. 1921
.
. Am Webstuhl der Zeit. Dramatisches Zeitbild aus schweren Tagen in 6 Teilen
Producer,Creative consultant
.
.
. 1921
.
. Das indische Grabmal (2 Teile)
Director,Producer
.
.
. 1921
.
. Der Tiger von Eschnapur
Director,Producer
.
.
. 1921
.
. Die Erbin von Tordis
Producer,Creative consultant
.
.
. 1921
.
. Die Sendung des Yoghi
Producer,Director
.
.
. 1921
.
. Ilona
Producer
.
.
. 1921/1922
.
. Scheine des Todes
Creative consultant,Producer
.
.
. 1921
.
. Tobias Buntschuh
Creative consultant,Producer
.
.
. 1920
.
. Das wandernde Bild
Producer,Creative consultant
.
.

.
. 1920/1921
.
. Der Leidensweg der Inge Krafft
Producer,Screenplay,Creative consultant
.
.
. 1920-1921
.
. Die Frauen vom Gnadenstein
Creative consultant,Producer,Screenplay
.
.
. 1920
.
. Die Legende von der heiligen Simplicia
Director,Producer
.
.
. 1920
.
. Die Schuld der Lavinia Morland
Producer,Director,Screenplay
.
.
. 1920/1921
.
. Junge Mama. 5 lustige Akte
Creative consultant,Producer,Screenplay
.
.
. 1919
.
. Der Amönenhof
Producer
.
.
. 1919
.
. Der Henker von Sankt Marien
Producer,Creative consultant
.
.
. 1919
.
. Der blaue Drachen
Producer,Creative consultant
.
.
. 1919
.
. Die Herrin der Welt. 1. Teil: Die Freundin des gelben Mannes
Producer,Director,Screenplay
.
.
. 1919
.
. Die Herrin der Welt. 2. Teil: Die Geschichte der Maud Gregaards
Producer,Director,Screenplay
.
.
. 1919
.
. Die Herrin der Welt. 3. Teil: Der Rabbi von Kuan-Fu
Director,Screenplay,Producer
.
.
. 1919
.
. Die Herrin der Welt. 4. Teil: König Makombe
Producer,Screenplay,Creative consultant
.
.
. 1919/1920
.
. Die Herrin der Welt. 5. Teil: Ophir, die Stadt der Vergangenheit
Screenplay,Producer,Creative consultant
.
.
. 1919/1920
.
. Die Herrin der Welt. 6. Teil: Die Frau mit den Milliarden
Producer,Screenplay,Creative consultant
.
.
. 1919/1920
.
. Die Herrin der Welt. 7. Teil: Die Wohltäterin der Menschheit
Producer,Screenplay,Creative consultant
.
.
. 1919/1920
.
. Die Herrin der Welt. 8. Teil: Die Rache der Maud Fergusson
Producer,Director,Screenplay
.
.
. 1919
.
. Fräulein Zahnarzt
Producer,Screenplay,Director
.
.
. 1918
.
. Das Auge des Götzen
Creative consultant,Producer
.
.
. 1918
.
. Das Geheimnis der Cecilienhütte
Creative consultant
.
.
. 1918
.
. Das rollende Hotel
Creative consultant,Producer
.
.
. 1918/1919
.
. Der Muff
Creative consultant,Producer
.
.
. 1918
.
. Die Bettelgräfin
Producer,Director,Screenplay
.
.
. 1918
.
. Die Krone von Palma
Creative consultant,Producer
.
.
. 1918
.
. Die Ratte
Producer,Creative consultant,Screenplay
.
.
. 1918/1919
.
. Die närrische Fabrik
Creative consultant,Producer,Screenplay
.
.
. 1918
.
. Die platonische Ehe
Producer,Screenplay
.
.
. 1918
.
. Diplomaten
Producer,Creative consultant
.
.
. 1918
.
. Fünf Minuten zu spät
Creative consultant,Producer,Screenplay
.
.
. 1918
.
. Ihr großes Geheimnis
Screenplay,Director,Producer
.
.
. 1918
.
. Opfer
Producer,Director,Screenplay
.
.
. 1918/1919
.
. Veritas vincit (Die Wahrheit siegt!). Eine Filmtrilogie
Producer,Director
.
.
. 1918
.
. Wogen des Schicksals
Producer,Director,Screenplay
.
.
. 1917
.
. Das Klima von Vancourt
Screenplay,Producer,Director
.
.
. 1917
.
. Der Onyxknopf
Director,Producer,Screenplay
.
.
. 1917/1918
.
. Der lebendige Tote
Creative consultant,Screenplay,Producer
.
.
. 1917
.
. Der schwarze Chauffeur
Director,Producer,Screenplay
.
.
. 1917
.
. Die Hochzeit im Excentric-Club
Producer,Director,Screenplay
.
.
. 1917
.
. Die Kaukasierin
Screenplay,Producer,Director
.
.
. 1917
.
. Die Liebe der Hetty Raymond
Producer,Director,Screenplay
.
.
. 1917
.
. Ehre
Producer,Director
.
.
. 1917
.
. Ein Lichtstrahl im Dunkel
Producer,Director,Screenplay
.
.
. 1917
.
. Hilde Warren und der Tod
Producer,Director
.
.
. 1917
.
. Krähen fliegen um den Turm
Screenplay,Director,Producer
.
.
. 1917
.
. Sein bester Freund
Producer,Screenplay,Creative consultant
.
.
. 1916
.
. Arme Eva Maria
Screenplay,Director,Producer
.
.
. 1916
.
. Das rätselhafte Inserat
Producer,Screenplay
.
.
. 1916
.
. Der Floh-Zirkus
Producer
.
.
. 1916
.
. Des Vaters letzter Wille
Producer,Director
.
.
. 1916/1917
.
. Die Silhouette des Teufels
Producer,Screenplay
.
.
. 1916
.
. Die Stieftöchter
Producer
.
.
. 1916/1917
.
. Die leere Wasserflasche
Producer,Screenplay,Director
.
.
. 1916
.
. Ein Blatt Papier
Director,Producer,Screenplay
.
.
. 1916
.
. Ein einsam Grab
Producer,Screenplay,Set design
.
.
. 1916
.
. Nebel und Sonne
Screenplay,Producer,Director
.
.
. 1916
.
. Wie ich Detektiv wurde
Producer,Screenplay,Director
.
.
. 1915
.
. Charly, der Wunderaffe
Director,Screenplay
.
.
. 1915
.
. Das Gesetz der Mine
Screenplay,Producer,Director
.
.
. 1915
.
. Der Geheimsekretär
Screenplay,Director,Producer
.
.
. 1915
.
. Der ewige Friede. Ein Ausgestoßener. 2. Teil
Screenplay
.
.
. 1915
.
. Die Gespensteruhr
Screenplay,Director,Producer
.
.
. 1915
.
. Die Sünde der Helga Arndt
Screenplay,Director,Producer
.
.
. 1915
.
. In der Nacht...
Producer,Screenplay
.
.
. 1915
.
. Sein schwierigster Fall
Screenplay,Producer,Director
.
.
. 1915
.
. Violette Rosen
Director
.
.
. 1914
.
. Das Panzergewölbe
Screenplay,Director,Producer
.
.
. 1914
.
. Der Mann im Keller
Director
.
.
. 1914
.
. Der Spuk im Hause des Professors
Director
.
.
. 1914
.
. Der geheimnisvolle Nachtschatten
Production manager
.
.
. 1913/1914
.
. Das Fischermädchen von Manholm
Screenplay,Director
.
.
. 1913
.
. Das Werk
Production manager
.
.
. 1913
.
. Das verschleierte Bild von Groß-Kleindorf
Production manager,Director
.
.
. 1913
.
. Die Mona Lisa von Groß-Kleindorf
Production manager,Director
.
.
. 1913/1914
.
. Die geheimnisvolle Villa
Director
.
.
. 1913
.
. Die unheilbringende Perle
Production manager,Screenplay,Director
.
.
. 1913
.
. Ein Ausgestoßener. 1. Der junge Chef
Screenplay,Director
.
.
. 1913
.
. Entsagungen
Director
.
.
. 1913
.
. Geschwister
Production manager
.
.
. 1913
.
. Heimat und Fremde
Screenplay,Director
.
.
. 1913
.
. Verhängnis
Production manager
.
.
. 1912
.
. In der Tiefe des Schachtes
Screenplay,Director
.
.
. 1912
.
. Iwo der Bucklige. 1. EP: Vorgluten des Balkankrieges
Cast,Director
.
.
. 1912
.
. Vorgluten des Balkanbrandes
Director,Screenplay
.
. 1911
.
. Die Fahrt nach Hamburg
Director


Fritz Lang (1890–1976)


Fritz Lang (1890-1976)

Return to Weimar Directors Hub Page  

Filmography for the Weimar Period

(Listing taken from the Deutsche Film Portal the links are different)

1932/1933
.
. Das Testament des Dr. Mabuse
Director
.
.
. 1932/1933
.
. Le testament du docteur Mabuse
Director
.
.
. 1932/1933
.
. Siegfrieds Tod
Director
.
.
. 1931
.
. 'M'
Director,Screenplay
.
.
. 1928/1929
.
. Frau im Mond
Producer,Director
.
.
. 1927/1928
.
. Spione
Director,Producer,Screenplay
.
.
. 1925/1926
.
.

Metropolis

Metropolis the different versions
Editing,Director,Screenplay

.
.
. 1923/1924
.
. Der Film im Film
Participation
.
.
. 1922-1924
.
. Die Nibelungen (2 Teile)
Director
.
.
. 1922-1924
.
. Die Nibelungen. 1. Teil: Siegfried
Director
.
.
. 1922-1924
.
. Die Nibelungen. 2. Teil: Kriemhilds Rache
Director
.
.
. 1921
.
. Das indische Grabmal (2 Teile)
Screenplay
.
.
. 1921
.
. Der Tiger von Eschnapur
Screenplay
.
.
. 1921
.
. Der müde Tod
Editing,Screenplay,Director
.
.
. 1921
.
. Die Sendung des Yoghi
Screenplay
.
.
. 1921/1922
.
. Dr. Mabuse, der Spieler
Screenplay,Director
.
.
. 1920
.
. Das wandernde Bild
Screenplay,Director
.
.
. 1920/1921
.
. Kämpfende Herzen
Director,Screenplay
.
.
. 1919
.
. Der Herr der Liebe
Director,Cast
.
.
. 1919
.
. Die Frau mit den Orchideen
Screenplay
.
.
. 1919/1920
.
. Die Herrin der Welt. 8. Teil: Die Rache der Maud Fergusson
Screenplay
.
.
. 1919/1920
.
. Die Spinnen (2 Teile)
Screenplay,Director
.
.
. 1919
.
. Die Spinnen. 1. Teil: Der goldene See
Screenplay,Director
.
.
. 1919/1920
.
. Die Spinnen. 2. Teil: Das Brillantenschiff
Screenplay,Director
.
.
. 1919
.
. Halbblut
Screenplay,Director
.
.
. 1919
.
. Harakiri
Director
.
.
. 1919
.
. Lilith und Ly
Screenplay
.
.
. 1919
.
. Pest in Florenz
Screenplay
.
.
. 1919
.
. Totentanz
Screenplay
.
.
. 1919
.
. Wolkenbau und Flimmerstern
Screenplay
.
.
. 1918/1919
.
. Bettler-G.m.b.H.
Screenplay
.
.
. 1918
.
. Die Frauen des Josias Grafenreuth
Screenplay
.
.
. 1918/1919
.
. Die Rache ist mein
Screenplay
.
.
. 1917
.
. Die Hochzeit im Excentric-Club
Screenplay
.
.
. 1917
.
. Hilde Warren und der Tod
Screenplay,Cast
.
.
. 1916
.
. Die Peitsche
Screenplay

Webliography

A useful link to review of Gunning’s biography of Lang. Review by Anton Kaes

Senses of Cinema site Daniel Shaw on Fritz Lang

A useful Select Bibliography on Fritz Lang from the BFI.


May 04, 2007

The Lives of Others

The Lives of Others,2006: Dir Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck

A brief report and range of web links on this recently released film in the UK which was hugely successful in Germany and won an Oscar nomination for best foreign film.

Stasi Surveillance Operative Wiesel

This film about the practices of the Stasi, the communist East German secret police, won a "Lola" award for best film as well as in six other categories.

The recent release of The Lives of Others has prompted some interesting reviews on BBC News 24 and a very interesting article by Anna Funder the author of Stasiland (2003) in the May 07  edition of Sight & Sound the British Film institute monthly magazine. 

Sight and Sound cover

The purpose of this current posting is just to flag up the film and its importance not only to those interested in Central and Eastern European affairs but also in the possibilities of subversion and change. Funder's article explores the possibilities of whther Donnersmarck's film in allowing for the possibilities of change and redemption is overoptimistic.

In the film a Stasi officer Wiesler who is assigned to surveillance of a playright eventual starts to cover up the indiscretions of the playright. The surveillance is instituted by a jealous bureaucrat who wants the woman back from the playright. In reality the whole situation becomes one of human agents manipulating and  resisting systems of power.

The Lovers in Lives of Others

Inevitably there are comparisons with the Holocaust and the role of Schindler. Donnersmarck has apparently claimed that Schindler was partially an inspiration for the film. in an atmosphere where the memories of the hated Stasi are still strong and where many ex-Stasi members according to funder are openly defending their position and aggressively demonstrating against memorial institutions and those investigating the role of the Stasi. in the sight and sound article Funder notes the increasing 'belligerence' of these people and comments about their response on the launch of her book in Leipzig:

... a phalanx of ex-Stasi or Party members placed themselves in the front row, glaring at me during the proceedings, muttering aggressively and taking furious notes. At question time I expected a discussion, but they sidled out  before they could be engaged in debate. (Funder, Sight & Sound May 07 p 19).

Funder notes that the film has gained critics in Germany because they point out that Schindler wasn't part of the Nazi machine as such, he was a private citizen with a business which was forced to use slave labour. There was no Schindler in the real Stasi they say precisely because the Stasi was a state machine with all its members entirely ideologically controlled without a crack. 

At a theoretical level one can be reminded of Foucault's ruminations on power in which the possibility for the reversal of the flow of power is always available. At the theoretical level it allows for the possibility of human agency and the whole debate falls into the classic tension between structure and agency within society. amongst all the thousands of Stasi over the years it is hard to believe that some were not willing to turn a blind eye against infractions for one reason or another whther through greed or a spark of humanity connecting with another person.

Here I'm reminded of an extract from a piece by Primo Levi a survivor of the camps which was part of a literature course I was on many years ago. In the extract a concentration camp guard eyes met those of his intended Jewish victim and in a brief flash of humanity a strange connectivity between the two people the guard neglected his 'duty' and failed to kill the victim. It is a story which which underpins and exonerates the position that Donnersmarck has taken in the film. Perhaps in the course of time we will find out what little acts of mercy slipped through the system.

The film raises all those questions about citizens caught up in an authoritarian strong state regime. Please note I'm avoiding the term totalitarian here for it espouses a certain political philosophical position emanating from people such as Hannah Arendt which is questionable.  Indeed the extent of collaboration and collusion, the possibilities of 'internal exile' where individuals withdraw as much as possible from the activities of the state in which they find themselves as unwilling members are all questions which arise from the film. 

In the UK at least the film gives us the opportunity to raise the issue of whether there are too many security cameras  watching UK citizens. Ironically I suspect that there are either not enough or they are targeted in the wrong places and they are used in a class based sense to protect that which is already well protected which is expensive property in city centres and other places. They aren't generally on motorways stopping the managerial classes speeding around at 120mph. Neither are they protecting the working classes from the lumpen elements within their midst in the housing estates often swarming with badly behaved teenagers who have no idea what to do with themselves and with little respect for themselves or anybody else. Whilst the film has resonances in Britain because of the actual and perceived social issues of public disorder and systems of control it seems more appropriate to keep this issue separate from The Lives of Others

Director von Donnersmarck

After its opening in the UK Lives of Other's was hitting the top spot in the ratings according to Time Out of April 25 2007 on the three day ratings chart. This makes a change from people gormlessly queing for cotton 'free' shopping bags (Sainsburys by Anya Hindmarsh, or 'Kate Moss' clothing presumably designed by others in reality. Ideology is at its strongest when people don't recognise it!)

1 1 The Lives of Others 20 £125,246

Webliography

Lives of Others

Sight and Sound May 2007 review of Lives of Others

Feature and discussion with Donnersmarck in Time Out 

Guardian Blog on Lives of Others 

From Politics Central review of Lives of Others

Oscar best foreign film nomination report 1

Oscar best foregn film nomination report 2 

Guardian report on Warsaw best European film awards won by Lives of Others

Stasiland 

Extract from the Guardian of Funder's book Stasiland

Granta Stasiland page 

Guardian review of Stasiland 

Interview with Anna Funder in World Press Review 

Talk and Q & A between Funder RMIT journalism students at the Fifth Estate

Funder wins BBC 4 Johnson prize


March 30, 2007

Munchhausen,1943: Dir. Josef von Baky

Munchhausen,1943: Dir. Josef von Baky



DVD Cover

Eureka DVD Cover







Muenchhausen 1






Notes

This post is currently what I'm describing as a 'phase one' post. A synopsis and contextual and critical comments will be added at a later date. Through the webliography below this post thus serves to act as a resource page. This will allow prospective course members and other visitors to conduct some basic research into the relevant film. For further research you may also consuly the relevant bibliography. Please use the bibliographies tag in the sidebar to access this resource. 

Webliography 


At the time of writing the following sites I consider the best researched academically or else are present because of the quality of their links. This is searched down to page 20+ of Google.


Link to Off Screen article which covers the range of cinematic versions of the Munchausen story:

http://www.horschamp.qc.ca/new_offscreen/munchausen.html

Link to site page on Erich Kastner the writer of the screenplay:

http://www.filmreference.com/Writers-and-Production-Artists-Ja-Kr/K-stner-Erich.html

The Triumph of Male Will: "Munchhausen" (1943) Eric Rentschler Film Quarterly, Vol. 43, No. 3 (Spring, 1990), pp. 14-2. This is a Jstor journal article and will need a subscription:

http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0015-1386(199021)43%3A3%3C14%3ATTOMW%22%3E2.0.CO%3B2-6

Link to German Film Archive:

http://www.german-films.de/app/filmarchive/film_view.php?film_id=797

Deutsche Film Portal on von Baky the director:

http://www.filmportal.de/df/90/Uebersicht,,,,,,,,EF7358B875C18304E03053D50B37578C,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,.html


The Blue Angel, 1930: Dir. Josef von Sternberg

The Blue Angel, 1930: Dir. Josef von Sternberg




Eureka Blue Angel Cover

Recommended Version

This Eureka version is currently the best version to use. It is recommended by S.S. Prawer in his little BFI monograph on The Blue Angel (pp 74-75)

Cooperation between the Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau Stiftung, The Filmuseum Berlin, The Universum Film GMBH and Transit Film of Munich has produced an excellent double DVD which contains, besides useful features such as biographies, portrait photos, screentests, trailers of the 1930s and 1960s and a chronicle of the film's gestation, digitally remastered copies of the best available German and English versions of The Blue Angel.  





Notes

This post is currently what I'm describing as a 'phase one' post. A synopsis and contextual and critical comments will be added at a later date. Through the webliography below this post thus serves to act as a resource page. This will allow prospective course members and other visitors to conduct some basic research into the relevant film. For further research you may also consuly the relevant bibliography. Please use the bibliographies tag in the sidebar to access this resource. 

Webliography 

At the time of writing the following sites I consider the best researched academically or else are present because of the quality of their links. This is searched down to page 20 of Google.


Link to Kamera.co.uk review:

http://www.kamera.co.uk/reviews_extra/blueangel.php

Link to Senses of Cinema article on Sternberg and Dietrich 

http://www.sensesofcinema.com/contents/cteq/00/7/angels.html

Link to Senses of Cinema article on von Sternberg 

http://www.sensesofcinema.com/contents/01/19/sternberg.html

Link to POV (Point of View Journal) + Link to Spy & The Cabaret Singer

http://pov.imv.au.dk/Issue_02/POV_2cnt.html

http://pov.imv.au.dk/Issue_02/section_1/artc1A.html

Link to "The Blue Angel": A Reconsideration
Geoffrey Wagner
The Quarterly of Film Radio and Television, Vol. 6, No. 1 (Autumn, 1951), pp. 48-53 this needs a Jstor subscription:

http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=1549-0068(195123)6%3A1%3C48%3A%22BAAR%3E2.0.CO%3B2-S

Link to German Film Archive

http://www.german-films.de/app/filmarchive/film_view.php?film_id=601

Link to German flicks.com

http://www.germanflicks.com/blueangel.html

Village Voice Review

http://www.villagevoice.com/film/0128,atkinson,26257,20.html

Cornell  University commentary on screening of 6 Dietrich films:

http://www.news.cornell.edu/chronicle/02/1.31.02/cinema.html

BBC DVD Review:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/films/2002/09/20/the_blue_angel_1930_dvd_review.shtml

Lee Russell article on Sternberg in New Left Review. Need subscription or must pay for article:

http://newleftreview.org/?view=1335

Bright Lights Review:

http://www.brightlightsfilm.com/44/marlene.htm

An honest undergraduate project with lots of images:

http://www.infinetivity.com/~babaloo/blue1.htm


Diary of a Lost Girl, 1929 : G.W. Pabst

Diary of a Lost Girl, 1929   : G.W. Pabst




Diary of a Lost Girl

Coming from Eureka Video in early May





Notes

This post is currently what I'm describing as a 'phase one' post. A synopsis and contextual and critical comments will be added at a later date. Through the webliography below this post thus serves to act as a resource page. This will allow prospective course members and other visitors to conduct some basic research into the relevant film. For further research you may also consuly the relevant bibliography. Please use the bibliographies tag in the sidebar to access this resource. 

Webliography 

At the time of writing the following sites I consider the best researched academically or else are present because of the quality of their links. This is searched down to page 10 + of Google.


Link to Senses of Cinema Article:

http://www.sensesofcinema.com/contents/cteq/04/32/diary_lost_girl.html

Link to German Film Archive

http://www.german-films.de/app/filmarchive/film_view.php?film_id=316

Link to German Film Archive on Pabst

http://www.german-films.de/app/filmarchive/film_person_view.php?film_person_id=1501

Link to the Louise Brooks Society site:

http://www.pandorasbox.com/biblio/diary-biblio.html

Link to Goethe Institute Toronto 

http://www.goethe.de/ins/ca/tor/kue/flm/en1947127.htm

Link to BFI database entry:

http://ftvdb.bfi.org.uk/sift/title/53140

Link to Kansas Historical Society who have collected contemporary newspaper articles about Louise Brooks

http://www.kshs.org/people/brooks_louise.htm

Link to Eric Rentschler article on Pabst in German Quarterly. You will need a library subscription to access it:

http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0016-8831(199221)65%3A2%3C220%3ATFOGWP%3E2.0.CO%3B2-4

Link to Deutsche Film Instiute (in German):

http://www.filminstitut.de/dt2tp0044.htm

Link to a BBC page on Louise Brooks

http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A2982440

Village Voice Article on Louise Brooks

http://www.villagevoice.com/film/0624,hoberman,73515,20.html

New York Times review of a documentary on Pabst "The Other Eye" :

http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE6D61338F936A1575AC0A967958260

Also of Interest article from Senses of Cinema on Pabst's Kameradeschaft:

http://www.sensesofcinema.com/contents/cteq/04/32/kameradschaft.html


Spione, 1928: Dir. Fritz Lang

Spione, 1928: Dir. Fritz Lang


Spione DVD Cover

Eureka DVD Cover for Spione




Notes

This post is currently what I'm describing as a 'phase one' post. A synopsis and contextual and critical comments will be added at a later date. Through the webliography below this post thus serves to act as a resource page. This will allow prospective course members and other visitors to conduct some basic research into the relevant film. For further research you may also consuly the relevant bibliography. Please use the bibliographies tag in the sidebar to access this resource. 

Webliography 


At the time of writing the following sites I consider the best researched academically or else are present because of the quality of their links. This is searched down to page 30 of Google. Overall it appears as though Spione is very underwritten.


BFI Magic of Lang Link

http://www.bfi.org.uk/features/lang/magic.html

BFI Lang filmography

http://www.bfi.org.uk/features/lang/filmography.html

BFI dtabase entry on Spione

http://ftvdb.bfi.org.uk/sift/title/352682?view=credit

BFI Sight & sound Article by Thomas Elsaesser on Lang:

http://secure.bfi.org.uk/sightandsound/feature/43/

Senses of Cinema link to Fritz Lang Article by Daniel Shaw

http://www.sensesofcinema.com/contents/directors/02/lang.html

Link to site about Fritz Arno Wagner  one of the leading Weimar cinematographers who did the cinemaphotogrphy for Spione:

http://www.cinematographers.nl/GreatDoPh/wagner.htm



At the time of writing the following sites I consider the best researched academically or else are present because of the quality of their links. This is searched down to page 10 of Google.



The Wonderful Horrible Life of Leni Riefenstahl,1993: Dir. Ray Muller

The Wonderful Horrible Life of Leni Riefenstahl,1993: Dir. Ray Muller




Eureka Cover wonderful Horrible Life of Riefenstahl

Eureka DVD Cover


Please note that at time of writing this DVD also comes with the Eureka version Holy Mountain. this obviously provides excellent value for money.





Notes

This post is currently what I'm describing as a 'phase one' post. A synopsis and contextual and critical comments will be added at a later date. Through the webliography below this post thus serves to act as a resource page. This will allow prospective course members and other visitors to conduct some basic research into the relevant film. For further research you ma y also consuly the relevant bibliography. Please use the bibliographies tag in the sidebar to access this resource. 




Bibliography

In addition to the main bibliography here are some links to recent of forthcoming books on Leni Riefenstahl. I haven't read the one in print and the other is forthcoming so no comments here on the quality of the content.

Leni Riefenstahl a Life             leni_steven_bach.jpg



Webliography 


Date of last search 05 April 2007

At the time of writing the following sites I consider the best researched academically or else are present because of the quality of their links. This is searched down to page 10 of Google.


Guardian interview with Reifenstahl on 100th birthday by Christopher Jones and Andrew Pulver
Friday August 23, 2002

http://film.guardian.co.uk/interview/interviewpages/0,,779102,00.html

Guardian breaks news of Reifenstahl's death /  Obituary of Leni Riefenstahl

http://film.guardian.co.uk/news/story/0,,1038656,00.html

http://film.guardian.co.uk/news/story/0,12589,1038696,00.html

New York Times obituary of Leni Reifenstahl:

http://www.writing.upenn.edu/~afilreis/Holocaust/riefenstahl-obit.html

New York Review of Books essay by Susan Sontag "Fascinating Fascism":

http://www.history.ucsb.edu/faculty/marcuse/classes/33d/33dTexts/SontagFascinFascism75.htm

World Socialist site obituary and commentary on Riefenstahl

http://www.wsws.org/articles/2003/sep2003/rief-s15.shtml

An odd page from the web which is a serious essay on Reifenstahl The Blue Light and Bela Balazs, which is properly researched and referenced:

http://www.uni-konstanz.de/FuF/Philo/LitWiss/MedienWiss/Forsch/Telaviv/Riefenstahl-englisch.html

Link to "German Flicks.com" posting on Leni Reifenstahl with a link to a YouTube upload of Triumph of the Will :

http://www.germanflicks.com/riefenstahl.html

Link to a useful review in Senses of Cinema of  Rainer Rother's Leni Riefenstahl the Seduction of Genius:

http://www.latrobe.edu.au/screeningthepast/reviews/rev0703/eb2br15.html

Link to article by Brigitte Peucker: The Fascist Choreography: Riefenstahl-'s Tableaux
Modernism/modernity - Volume 11, Number 2, April 2004, pp. 279-297. Please note you will need an Athens account to access the full article:

http://muse.jhu.edu/login?uri=/journals/modernism-modernity/v011/11.2peucker.html

Link to article on Riefenstahl by Assoc. Professor Judith Keene is the Director of the European Studies Centre at the University of Sydney. One of Judith's specialities is fascism and anti-fascism. She has written several books on the subject of the Spanish Civil War. In one her courses at the University, 'Film and History', she covers the subject of Leni Riefenstahl:

http://www.hyperhistory.org/index.php?option=displaypage&Itemid=703&op=page#judith

Link to The Problem of Leni Reifenstahl by lloyd Eby:

http://www.worldandi.com/public/1994/february/ar3.cfm

Link to a student research paper by Celia Soudry on Riefenstahl  prepared for web publication by Professor H. Marcuse of  University of California Santa Barbara:

http://www.history.ucsb.edu/faculty/marcuse/classes/133p/133p04papers/CSoudryRiefenstahl045.htm

Link to Reappraising Triumph of the Will by Alan Marcus in Film Studies Journal:

http://journals.mup.man.ac.uk/cgi-bin/pdfdisp//MUPpdf/FSS/V4I0/040075.pdf

Bright Lights review of the documentary:

http://www.brightlightsfilm.com/26/riefenstahl.html

BBC Storyville link on the documentary:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/bbcfour/documentaries/storyville/riefenstahl.shtml

BBC Obituary of Reifenstahl:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/3093574.stm

Link to an interesting BBC page which reviews  and provides links to the responses of the German press to the death of Leni reifenstahl;

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/3097018.stm

Below link to a BBc  Nick Higham video on Riefenstahl  

http://news.bbc.co.uk/media/video/39316000/rm/_39316742_riefenstahl13_higham_vi.ram

Review of the documentary from Kamera.co.uk:

http://www.kamera.co.uk/features/leniriefenstahl.html

Link to Jewish Virtual Library:

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/lriefenstahl.html


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